The Empire of Russia eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 503 pages of information about The Empire of Russia.

REIGN OF CATHARINE II.

From 1774 to 1781.

Peace with Turkey.—­Court of Catharine II.—­Her Personal Appearance and Habits.—­Conspiracy and Rebellion.—­Defeat of the Rebels.—­Magnanimity of Catharine II.—­Ambition of the Empress.—­Court Favorite.—­Division of Russia into Provinces.—­internal Improvements.—­New Partition of Poland.—­Death of the Wife of Paul.—­Second Marriage of the Grand Duke.—­Splendor of the Russian Court.—­Russia and Austria Secretly Combine to Drive the Turks out of Europe.—­The Emperor Joseph II.

CHAPTER XXVII.

Termination of the reign of Catharine II.

From 1781 to 1786.

Statue of Peter the Great.—­Alliance Between Austria and
Russia.—­Independence of the Crimea—­The Khan of the Crimea.—­Vast
Preparations for War.—­National Jealousies.—­Tolerant Spirit of
Catharine.—­Magnificent Excursion to the Crimea.—­Commencement of
Hostilities.—­Anecdote of Paul.—­Peace.—­New Partition of
Poland.—­Treaty with Austria and France.—­Hostility to Liberty in
France.—­Death of Catharine.—­Her Character.

CHAPTER XXVIII.

The reign of Paul I.

From 1796 to 1801.

Accession of Paul I. to the Throne.—­Influence of Hereditary Transmission of Power.—­Extravagance of Paul.—­His Despotism.—­The Horse Court Martialed.—­Progress of the French Revolution.—­Fears and Violence of Paul.—­Hostility to Foreigners.—­Russia Joins the Coalition Against France.—­March of Suwarrow.—­Character of Suwarrow.—­Battle on the Adda.—­Battle of Novi.—­Suwarrow marches on the Rhine.—­His Defeat and Death.—­Paul Abandons the Coalition and Joins France.—­Conspiracies at St. Petersburg.

CHAPTER XXIX.

Assassination of Paul and accession of Alexander.

From 1801 to 1807.

Assassination of Paul I.—­Implication of Alexander in the Conspiracy.—­Anecdotes.—­Accession of Alexander.—­The French Revolution.—­Alexander Joins Allies Against France.—­State of Russia.—­Useful Measures of Alexander.—­Peace of Amiens.—­Renewal of Hostilities.—­Battle of Austerlitz.—­Magnanimity of Napoleon.—­New Coalition.—­Ambition of Alexander.—­Battles of Jena and Eylau.—­Defeat of the Russians.

CHAPTER XXX.

Reign of Alexander I.

From 1807 to 1825.

The Field of Eylau.—­Letter to the King of Prussia.—­Renewal of the War—­Discomfiture of the Allies.—­Battle of Friedland.—­The Raft at Tilsit.—­Intimacy of the Emperors.—­Alexander’s Designs upon Turkey.—­Alliance Between France and Russia.—­Object of the Continental System.—­Perplexities of Alexander.—­Driven by the Nobles to War.—­Results of the Russian Campaign.—­Napoleon Vanquished.—­Last Days of Alexander.—­His Sickness and Death.

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