The Underground Railroad eBook

William Still
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 1,446 pages of information about The Underground Railroad.

Compelled to part company with Lundy, to whom he has ever owned his moral indebtedness, Mr. Garrison at length started in Boston, in January 1831, his “Liberator” with little else besides his “dauntless spirit and a press.”  The difficulties which beset the birth of this paper were never entirely overcome, and its publication was attended, through all the thirty-five years of its existence, with constant struggle and privation, and with personal labor, at the printer’s case, and over the forms, which only an iron constitution could have endured.  The “Liberator” was the organ of the editor alone, and he gave room in it to the numerous reforms which were, in his mind, only subordinate to abolition.  In 1865 the last volume was issued, Mr. Garrison having already, in May, withdrawn from the American Anti-slavery Society, which he had helped to found, in 1833, and of which, as he drew up the Declaration of Sentiments, he may be supposed to have known something of the original aims and proper duration.

In September, 1834, Mr. Garrison was married to Helen Eliza, daughter of the venerable philanthropist, George Benson, of Providence, R.I., who had, even in the previous century, been an active member of a combined anti-slavery and freedmen’s aid society in that city.  In October, 1835, occurred the Boston riot, led by “gentlemen of property and standing,” in which Mr. Garrison’s life was imperilled, and which made him once more familiar with the interior of a jail—­this time, a place of refuge.  In 1832, he went to England, as an agent of the New England Anti-slavery Society, to awaken English sympathy for the anti-slavery movement, and to undeceive Clarkson and Wilberforce and their distinguished associates as to the nature and object of the Colonization Society, as to which he had already had occasion to undeceive himself.  His mission was eminently successful in both its aspects, and resulted in the subsequent visits of George Thompson to this country, between whom and himself a strong personal attachment had arisen and has ever since continued.  A second visit to England he made as a delegate to the World’s Anti-slavery Convention, in which he refused to sit after his female colleagues had been rejected.  A third visit, still in behalf of the cause, took place in 1846.  Twenty years later—­the war over and Slavery abolished—­he again went abroad, to repair his health and renew old friendships, and for the first time passed over to the Continent.  In England, he was greeted with cordial appreciation and hospitality by all classes.  Numerous public receptions of a most flattering character were given to him, but without the effect of causing him to magnify his own merits or to forget the honor due to his associates in the anti-slavery struggle.  At the London Breakfast, where John Bright presided, and John Stuart Mill, the Duke of Argyll, and others spoke, he said, when called upon to reply:  “I disclaim, with all the sincerity of my soul, any special praise for

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The Underground Railroad from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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