She bore him a son who is known as Joseph H. Woodbury, and now (1891) resides in the city of Minneapolis. His marriage with a white woman increased the hatred of the Pillagers, and they shot him from ambush and killed him near Ninge-ta-we-de-gua-yonk—Crow Wing—on the 27th day of June, 1868.
At the time of his death, “Hole-in-the-day” was only thirty-seven years old but had been recognized as Head-Chief for a long time. He could speak some English, and was far above the average of white men in native shrewdness and intelligence. He was thoroughly posted in the traditions and legends of his people.
The Ojibways have for many years been cursed by contact with the worst elements of the whites, and seem to have adopted the vices rather than the virtues of civilization. I once spoke of this to “Hole-in-the-day.” His reply was terse and truthful—“Madge tche-mo-ko-mon, madge a-nische-nabe: menoge tche-mo-ko-mon, meno a-nische-nabe.—Bad white men, bad Indians: good white men, good Indians.”
 Nah—look, see. Nashke—behold.
 Kee-zis—the sun,—the father of life. Waubunong—or Waub-o-nong—is the White Land or Land of Light,—the Sun-rise, the East.
 The Bridge of Stars spans the vast sea of the skies, and the sun and moon walk over on it.
 The Miscodeed is a small white flower with a pink border. It is the earliest blooming wild flower on the shores of Lake Superior, and belongs to the crocus family.
 The Ne-be-naw-baigs, are Water-spirits; they dwell in caverns in the depths of the lake, and in some respects resemble the Unktehee of the Dakotas.
 Ogema, Chief,—Oge-ma-kwa—female Chief. Among the Algonkin tribes women are sometimes made chiefs. Net-no-kwa, who adopted Tanner as her son, was Oge-ma-kwa of a band of Ottawas. See John Tanner’s Narrative, p. 36.
 The “Bridge of Souls” leads from the earth over dark and stormy waters to the spirit-land. The “Dark River” seems to have been a part of the superstitions of all nations.
 The Jossakeeds of the Ojibways are soothsayers who are able, by the aid of spirits, to read the past as well as the future.