[Footnote 107: The lance preserved at Nuremberg resembles in form that of St. Peter’s, but is made of common iron, united with a part of one of the nails of the cross.]
[Footnote 108: These relics are shewn to the people on holy-Wednesday after the matins of Tenebrae; on Thursday and Friday several times in the day: on holy Saturday morning after mass: on Easter Sunday after the Pontifical mass: on Easter Monday, and a few other festivals.]
[Footnote 109: The opinion of Roestell (Beschreibung der Stadt Rom, B. I, p. 400) that these phials contained the blessed eucharist under the form of wine, if admitted, would form a new proof of the real and permanent presence of Christ’s blood in the B. Sacrament; yet it is a novel, unsupported, and untenable conjecture. Some of the ancient Christian Fathers complain, it is true, of the abuse of burying the eucharist with the deceased under the form of bread; but the phials of blood have been found with so many bodies, that we cannot reasonably suppose the custom to have been an abuse: and who among the ancients mentions that the eucharist was ever buried with them under the form of wine? That the palm-branch or crown accompanied by these phials of blood are authentic signs of martyrdom, see Raoul-Rochette’s Memoires sur les pierre sepulcrales, t. XIII des Mem. de l’Academie, p. 210, 217. On one of the phials mentioned by Roestell was found the inscription Sanguis Saturnini.]
[Footnote 110: In the Vatican Library is a small relic-case, marked with the monogram, of great simplicity and consequent antiquity. There is another of ivory, adorned with bas-reliefs of the resuscitation of Lazarus, Christ’s apprehension etc. Plainer, Bescher. der Stadt Rom. B. 2. See also Rock’s Hierurgia Vol. 2, cap 6.]
ON THE CEREMONIES OF HOLY-SATURDAY
Service of Easter-eve—Ceremonies of holy-saturday-morning—Sixtine chapel. 1. Blessing of the fire and incense-procession; Paschal candle—the deacon sings the Exultet—triple candle—2. Baptism administered on this day: communion of children in former times—prophecies—3. The litany: invocation of Saints—change from mourning to rejoicing—High mass: sacred pictures etc.—Alleluja—Vespers—end of the mass: mass of Pope Marcellus—Ceremonies at S. John Laterans. Blessing of the font: baptistery—baptism of adults—litanies and confirmation—mass and ordination—Armenian catholics—their liturgy; and high mass on Easter-eve—reflections—Conclusion.
“But now Christ is
risen from the dead, the first-fruits of
them that sleep”. 1 Cor. XV, 20.
[Sidenote: Service of Easter-eve.]