Great Fortunes, and How They Were Made eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 694 pages of information about Great Fortunes, and How They Were Made.

CHAPTER VI.

Jonas Chickering.

The largest building in the United States—­The Chickering piano factory—­Birth of Jonas Chickering—­Early love of music—­Is apprenticed to a cabinet-maker—­Is employed to repair a piano—­Succeeds in the undertaking—­Consequence of this success—­Becomes a piano-maker—­Removes to Boston—­Is employed as a journeyman—­The labor of his life—­His patience and skill—­Is known as the best workman in the establishment—­History of the piano—­Chickering’s first discovery—­His hope of success based on intelligence—­Becomes a master of the theory of sound—­His studies and their result—­Makes an improvement in the framing of pianos—­Invents the circular scale for square pianos—­Generously makes his invention free—­A noble gift to the world—­His business operations—­Increase in the demand for his instruments—­Death of Captain Mackay—­Mr. Chickering undertakes the sole charge of his affairs—­Fears of his friends—­Magnitude of the business—­The lawyer’s question answered—­The mortgages paid—­Rapid success of Mr. Chickering—­His varied duties—­Sharp competition—­A bogus Chickering—­How a Boston bank lost his custom—­His independence in business—­His character as a merchant—­Trains his sons to succeed him in business—­The result of his efforts—­The present house of Chickering & Sons—­Destruction of the factory—­Offers of aid—­Mr. Chickering’s kindness to his workmen—­Sets to work to re-establish his business—­The new factory begun—­Sudden death of Mr. Chickering.

CHAPTER VII.

Nicholas Longworth.

The grape interest of the United States—­Growing demand for American wines—­Instrumentality of Mr. Longworth in producing this success—­Early life of Mr. Longworth—­Apprenticed to a shoemaker—­Removes to South Carolina—­Returns to Newark and studies law—­Removes to Cincinnati—­Admitted to the bar—­His first case—­Is paid in whisky stills, and trades them for lands which make his fortune—­Rapid growth of Cincinnati—­The oldest native inhabitant of Chicago—­Longworth’s investments in real estate—­Immense profits realized by him—­His experiments in wine growing—­History of the Catawba grape—­Longworth decides to cultivate it entirely—­His efforts to promote the grape culture in the Ohio Valley—­Offers a market for all the grape juice that can be brought to him—­The result of his labors seen in the Ohio vineyards of to-day—­His wine cellars—­Amount of wine made annually by him—­The process used—­How “Sparkling Catawba” is made—­Longworth’s experiments with strawberries—­His liberality—­Gift of land to the Observatory—­His challenge to a grumbler—­Estimate of his character—­His eccentricities—­His generosity to his tenants—­How he made money by helping others to grow rich—­His politics—­How he subscribed one hundred dollars to elect Clay—­His hatred of vagabondage—­His stone quarry—­How he provided it with laborers—­His system of helping the poor—­Is charged with stinginess—­The “devil’s poor”—­Personal appearance—­The “Hard-times” overcoat—­Charity to a millionaire—­Death of Mr. Longworth.

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Project Gutenberg
Great Fortunes, and How They Were Made from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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