ACTION OF FLUORINE UPON NON-METALLIC COMPOUNDS.
Sulphureted Hydrogen.—When the horizontal tube shown in Fig. 3 is filled with sulphureted hydrogen gas and fluorine is allowed to enter, a blue flame is observed on looking through the fluorspar windows playing around the spot where the fluorine is being admitted. The decomposition continues until the whole of the hydrogen sulphide is converted into gaseous fluorides of hydrogen and sulphur.
Sulphur dioxide is likewise decomposed in the cold, with production of a yellow flame and formation of fluoride of sulphur.
Hydrochloric acid gas is also decomposed at ordinary temperatures with flame, and, if there is not a large excess of hydrochloric acid present, with detonation. Hydrofluoric acid and free chlorine are the products.
Gaseous hydrobromic and hydriodic acids react with fluorine in a similar manner, with production of flame and formation of hydrofluoric acid. Inasmuch, however, as bromine and iodine combine with fluorine, as previously described, these halogens do not escape, but burn up to their respective fluorides. When fluorine is delivered into an aqueous solution of hydriodic acid, each bubble as it enters produces a flash of flame, and if the fluorine is being evolved fairly rapidly there is a series of very violent detonations. A curious reaction also occurs when fluorine is similarly passed into a 50 per cent. aqueous solution of hydrofluoric acid itself, a flame being produced in the middle of the liquid, accompanied by a series of detonations.
Nitric acid vapor reacts with great violence with fluorine, a loud explosion resulting. If fluorine is passed into the ordinary liquid acid, each bubble as it enters produces a flame in the liquid.
Ammonia gas is decomposed by fluorine with formation of a yellow flame, forming hydrofluoric acid and liberating nitrogen. With a solution of the gas in water, each bubble of fluorine produces an explosion and flame, as in case of hydriodic acid.