Scientific American Supplement No. 819, September 12, 1891 eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 130 pages of information about Scientific American Supplement No. 819, September 12, 1891.
merely the copper contained in the bullion, copper sheets may be regularly employed for reducing the silver sulphate in D. The author trusts that the practical refiner will recognize that the manufacture of commercial copper sulphate is thus effected in a more rational and economical manner than by the present method of evaporating from 25 deg.  B. to 35 deg.  B., and of saturating by oxidized copper, generally in a very incomplete manner, the large amount of free acid left from the refining by the usual process.  However, the sale of copper sulphate is but rarely so profitable that a refinery should not gladly dispense with that troublesome and bulky manufacture, especially the government establishments, which, besides, waste much valuable space with the crystallizing vats.

The great saving in sulphuric acid, amounting to about 50 per cent. of the present consumption, has already been pointed out.  Another advantage the author merely mentions, namely, the easier condensation of the sulphurous fumes in refineries situated in cities, because the larger amount of acid available for dissolving greatly facilitates working and makes the usual frequent admission of air into the refining pot for the purpose of stirring and testing unnecessary.

The more air is excluded from the refining fumes the easier they can be condensed.

Work may be carried on continuously, the vessels C and D being empty by the time a new solution is finished in A A. Thus, the plant shown in the diagram, covering 26 ft. by 16 ft., allows the refining of 40,000 ounces of fine silver in 24 hours; that is, four charges in A A of 800 pounds each.—­F.  Gutzkow, Eng. and Mining J.

* * * * *


By F.A.  BURRALL, M.D., New York.

As is usual at this season, casualties from drowning are of frequent occurrence.  No class of emergencies is of a more startling character, and I think that a history of the case which I now present offers some peculiar features, and will not be without interest to physicians.

The accident which forms the subject of this paper occurred August 29, 1890, at South Harpswell, Casco Bay, Me., where I was passing my vacation.

At about 9.30 A.M., M. B——­, an American, aged eighteen, the son of a fisherman, a young man of steady habits and a good constitution, with excellent muscular development, and who had never before required the aid of a physician, was seen by the residents of the village to fall forward from a skiff into the water and go down with uplifted hands.  I could not learn that he rose at all after the first submersion.  Two men were standing near a bluff which overlooked the bay, and after an instant’s delay in deciding that an accident had occurred, they ran over an uneven and undulating pasture for a distance of two hundred and fifty paces to the shore.  One of them, after

Project Gutenberg
Scientific American Supplement No. 819, September 12, 1891 from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
Follow Us on Facebook