A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels - Volume 05 eBook

Robert Kerr (writer)
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 641 pages of information about A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels.

[Footnote 113:  The entire value of the three enumerated articles amounts to L.270,000 sterling; but the other articles of export from Chili, formerly enumerated, are not here included.—­E.]

SECTION XIII.

Account of the Archipelago of Chiloe [114].

[Footnote 114:  This is appended to the English translation of Molina, and is said to be chiefly extracted from a work on that subject by Pedro Gonzalis de Agueros, published at Madrid in 1791.—­E.]

The Archipelago of Chiloe, extends from Cape Capitanes to Quillan, from lat. 41 deg. 50’ to 44 deg.  S. long. 302 deg. to 303 deg. 25’ E, from the meridian of Teneriffe[115].  On the north it is bounded by the continent, where the Juncos and Rancos [116], two independent and unconverted nations, possess the country from thence to Valdivia:  on the east by the Andes, which separate it from Patagonia; on the south by the archipelago of Guaitecas; and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.  The islands of this archipelago amount to about eighty, and appear to have been produced by earthquakes, owing to the great number of volcanoes, with which that country formerly abounded.  Every part of them exhibits the most unquestionable marks of the operation of volcanic fire.  Several mountains in the great island of Chiloe, which gives name to the archipelago, are composed of basaltic columns, which have been certainly produced by volcanic fire, whatever may be alleged to the contrary.  The inhabited part of this province, extends from Maullin to Huilad, comprising forty leagues from north to south, and eighteen or twenty from east to west, and comprises twenty-five islands.  There are Isla Grande, Ancud, or Chiloe Proper; Achao, Lemui, Quegui, Chelin, Tanqui, Linlin, Llignua, Quenai, Meulin, Caguach, Alau, Apeau, Chaulinec, Vuta-Chauquis, Anigue, Chegniau, Caucague, Calbuco, Llaicha, Quenu, Tabon, Abtau, Chiduapi, and Kaur.—­Chiloe Ancud, or Isla Grande, being the largest island as its name imports, is the most populous, and the seat of government.  Its capital, Castro, which is the only city in the province, was founded in 1566 by Don Martin Ruiz de Gamboa, during the viceroyalty of Lope Garcia de Castro in Peru, and was honoured with the name of his family.

[Footnote 115:  Or from long. 75 deg. to 74 deg. 20’W. from Greenwich.—­E.]

[Footnote 116:  Called Cunches and Huilliches by Molina.  Several circumstances in this account are interwoven from the text of Molina, Vol.  II.  Book iv. ch. ii.  This circumstance will account for occasional repetitions, and perhaps some apparent contradictions, which may appear.—­E.]

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