Beacon Lights of History eBook

John Lord
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 326 pages of information about Beacon Lights of History.

The scholastic philosophy.

Peter Abelard
Gives a new impulse to philosophy
Rationalistic tendency of his teachings
The hatreds he created
Peter Lombard
His “Book of Sentences”
Introduction of the writings of Aristotle into Europe
University of Paris
Character of the students
Their various studies
Aristotle’s logic used
The method of the Schoolmen
The Dominicans and Franciscans
Innocent III. 
Thomas Aquinas
His early life and studies
Albertus Magnus
Aquinas’s first great work
Made Doctor of Theology
His “Summa Theologica”
Its vast learning
Parallel between Aquinas and Plato
Parallel between Plato and Aristotle
Influence of Scholasticism
Waste of intellectual life
Scholasticism attractive to the Middle Ages
To be admired like a cathedral



Becket a puzzle to historians
His early history
His gradual elevation
Friendship with Henry II. 
Becket made Chancellor
Elevated to the See of Canterbury
Dignity of an archbishop of Canterbury
Becket in contrast
His ascetic habits as priest
His high-church principles
Upholds the spiritual courts
Defends the privileges of his order
Conflict with the king
Constitutions of Clarendon
Persecution of Becket
He yields at first to the king
His repentance
Defection of the bishops
Becket escapes to the Continent
Supported by Louis VII. of France
Insincerity of the Pope
Becket at Pontigny in exile
His indignant rebuke of the Pope
Who excommunicates the Archbishop of York
Henry obliged to compromise
Hollow reconciliation with Becket
Return of Becket to Canterbury
His triumphal procession
Annoyance of Henry
Assassination of Becket
Consequences of the murder


Anarchies of the Merovingian period
Society on the dissolution of Charlemagne’s empire
Allodial tenure
Origin of Feudalism
Dependence and protection the principles of Feudalism
Peasants and their masters
The sentiment of loyalty
Contentment of the peasantry
Evils that cannot be redressed
Submission to them a necessity
Division of Charlemagne’s empire
Life of the nobles
Pleasures and habits of feudal barons
Aristocratic character of Feudalism
Slavery of the people
Indirect blessings of Feudalism
Slavery not an unmixed evil
Influence of chivalry
Devotion to woman
The lady of the baronial castle
Reasons why women were worshipped
Dignity of the baronial home
The Christian woman contrasted with the pagan
Glory and beauty of Chivalry


Project Gutenberg
Beacon Lights of History from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.