Oriental Religions and Christianity eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 379 pages of information about Oriental Religions and Christianity.
Drummond and Henry M. Stanley on the Slave Traffic and Mohammedan Civilization—­The Alleged Missionary Operations of Mohammedans in West Soudan—­The Account Given of Them by Bishop Crowther, Schweinfurth, and Others—­Canon Taylor and the Egyptian Pashas—­The Effects of European Education—­Palgrave on Mohammedan Intolerance of To-day—­Mohammedanism and Temperance; Exaggerated Accounts of it; Proofs to the Contrary—­R.  Bosworth Smith’s Protest against Canon Taylor’s Extravagant Glorification of Islam—­His Plea for Missions.

LECTURE VII.

THE TRACES OF A PRIMITIVE MONOTHEISM 222

Two Conflicting Theories on the History of Religion—­That of the Old and New Testaments—­That of Modern Evolution—­The Importance of this Question—­Professor Henry B. Smith’s Estimate of Ebrard’s Discussion of it—­Ebrard’s Summing-up of the Argument—­Professor Naville’s View of the Subject—­Conclusions of Rev. W.A.P.  Martin, D.D., and Max Mueller—­How far May we Attempt to Establish the Fact of an Early Monotheism from Heathen Traditions?—­Conceptions Differing in Different Nations—­Evidences of Monotheism in the Vedas—­Professor Banergea’s Testimony—­The Views Held by the Modern Somajes—­Monotheism in China—­Monotheistic Worship in the Days of Yao and Shun, 2300 B.C.—­The Prayer of an Emperor of the Ming Dynasty Quoted by Professor Legge—­Remarkable Monument of Monotheism in the Temple of Heaven—­A Taouist Prayer—­Zoroaster a Monotheistic Reformer—­The Inscription at Behistun—­Testimony of the Modern Parsee Catechism—­No Nation without some Notion of a God Supreme over All—­Buddhists in Thibet—­Egyptian Monotheism—­The Greek Poets—­Old Monotheism in Mexico and Peru—­Evidences of Ramification and Decline in Polytheism—­Egypt and India Give Abundant Proofs—­Hinduism, Buddhism, and Taouism all Show Degeneration—­Mohammedan Corruption since the Days of the Early Caliphs—­The Religions of Greece and Rome Became Effete—­Even Israel, in Spite of Instruction and Reproof, Lapsed into Idolatry again and again—­Even the Christian Church has Shown Similar Tendencies.

LECTURE VIII.

Indirect tributes of heathen systems to the doctrines
     of the Bible 266

The Universality and Similarity of Race Traditions—­Their General Support of the Old Testament History—­Traditions of the Creation Found in India, China, among the Northern Turanians and some African Tribes—­The Fall of Man as Traced in Assyria and among the Hindus—­The Buddhists of Ceylon, Mongolians, Africans and Tahitans had Similar Traditions—­The Flood—­Traditions of the Chinese, the Iranians, Greeks, Assyrians, Chaldeans, and Peruvians—­The Prevalence of Piacular Sacrifice and Tokens of a Sense of Guilt—­Traditions or Traces of Substitution Found in the Vedas—­Faint
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Oriental Religions and Christianity from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.