Oriental Religions and Christianity eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 379 pages of information about Oriental Religions and Christianity.
Classical Studies were Pursued by the Sons of the more Enlightened Christian Fathers—­Method Among the Leaders—­The Necessity for a thorough Knowledge of the Systems to be Met, as it was then Recognized—­The thorough Preparation of Augustine, Ambrose, Iraeneus, and Others for their Work—­Origen’s Masterly and Successful Reply to Celsus—­The Use Made by the Early Fathers and by the Churches of a Later Day, of the Philosophy of Plato and Aristotle—­Heathenism thus Conquered with its Own Weapons.

LECTURE III.

THE SUCCESSIVE DEVELOPMENTS OF HINDUISM 73

     The Great Variety in India’s Religious Systems—­The Early
     Monotheistic Nature Worship and its Gradual Lapse Into
     Polytheism—­The Influence of Environment on the Development of
     Systems—­The Distinction between Aryanism and Brahmanism, and the
     Abuses of the Latter in its Doctrines of Sacrifice and Caste—­The
     Causes which Led to the Overthrow of this System of
     Sacerdotalism—­The Upanishads and the Beginnings of Philosophy—­The
     Rise of Buddhism and the Six Schools of Philosophy—­Points in
     Common between them—­The Code of Manu and its Countercheck to
     Rationalism—­Its Development and its Scope, its Merits and
     Demerits—­The Meaning of the Word Hinduism as here Used and the
     Means by which it Gained Ascendency—­The Place and Influence of the
     Two Great Hindu Epics, their Origin, the Compromise which they
     Wrought, and the New and Important Doctrines which They
     Developed—­The Trimurti and the Incarnations of Vishnu—­The
     Deterioration of the Literature and the Faith of India—­The Puranas
     and the Tantras—­The Parallels between Hinduism and Christianity.

LECTURE IV.

THE BHAGAVAD GITA AND THE NEW TESTAMENT 111

The Great Interest Felt in this Poem by a Certain Class of Readers—­Its Alleged Parallels to the Scriptures—­The Plausibility of the Recent Translation by Mr. Mohini M. Chatterji—­Its Patronizing Catholicity—­The Same Claim to Broad Charity by Chunder Sen and Others—­Pantheism Sacrifices nothing to Charity, because God is in All Things—­All Moral Responsibility Ceases since God Acts in Us—­Mr. Chatterji’s Broad Knowledge of Our Scriptures, and his Skill in Selecting Passages for His Purpose—­His Pleasing Style—­The Story of Krishna and Arjuna Told in the Interest of Caste and Pantheism—­The Growth of the Krishna Cult from Popular Legends—­The Origin of the Bhagavad Gita and its Place in the Mahabharata—­Its Use of the Six Philosophies—­Krishna’s Exhortation—­The Issue of the Battle in which Arjuna is Urged to Engage—­The “Resemblances” Explained by their Pantheistic Interpretation—­Fancied Resemblances which are only in the Sound of Words—­Coincidences Springing from Similar Causes—­The Totally Different Meaning which Pantheism gives them—­Difference between Union with Christ and the Pantheistic Pervasion of the Infinite—­The Differentials of Christianity.

LECTURE V.

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Oriental Religions and Christianity from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.