The Earl of Sussex was recalled from Ireland in 1564, and Sir Henry Sidney was appointed Viceroy. The Earls of Ormonde and Desmond had again quarrelled, and, in 1562, both Earls were summoned to court by the Queen. Elizabeth was related to the Butlers through her mother’s family, and used to boast of the loyalty of the house of Ormonde. The Geraldines adhered to the ancient faith, and suffered for it. A battle was fought at Affane, near Cappoquin, between the two parties, in which Desmond was wounded and made prisoner. The man who bore him from the field asked, tauntingly: “Where is now the proud Earl of Desmond?” He replied, with equal pride and wit: “Where he should be; upon the necks of the Butlers!”
[Illustration: GOLD EAR-RING, TORQUE PATTERN, FROM THE COLLECTION OF THE R.I.A., FOUND AT CASTLEREA, CO. ROSCOMMON.]
[Illustration: KILCOLMAN CASTLE.]
 Heretics.—Annals, vol. v. p. 1493.
 Service.—Shirley’s Original Letters, p. 47. Dr. Browne gives an account of his signal failures in attempting to introduce the Protestant form of prayer in his letters to Cromwell. He says one prebendary of St. Patrick’s “thought scorn to read them.” He adds: “They be in a manner all the same point with me. There are twenty-eight of them, and yet scarce one that favoureth God’s Word.”—State Papers, vol. iii. p. 6.
 Pertinacity.—The Victoria History of England, p. 256.
 Pope.—Lib. Mun. Hib. part i. p. 37.
 Captivity.—Lord Chancellor Cusack addressed a very curious “Book on the State of Ireland” to the Duke of Northumberland, in 1552, in which he mentions the fearful condition of the northern counties. He states that “the cause why the Earl was detained [in Dublin Castle] was for the wasting and destroying of his county.” This Sir Thomas Cusack, who took a prominent part in public affairs during the reign of Queen Elizabeth, was a son of Thomas Cusack, of Cassington, in Meath, an ancient Norman-Irish family, who were hereditary seneschals and sheriffs of that county.—Ulster Arch. Jour. vol. iii p. 51.
 People.—The Irish Reformation, by the Rev. W. Maziere Brady, D.D., fifth edition, pp. 32, 33.
 Creed.—Cambrensis Eversus, vol. iii. p. 19.
 Book.—Orationes et Motiva, p. 87.
 Date.—Analecta, p. 387.
 Dr. Moran.—Archbishops of Dublin, p. 68. Further information may be obtained also in Curry’s Historical Review.