[Illustration: BUTLER’S TOMB, FRIARY CHURCH, CLONMEL.]
 Crime.—We really must enter a protest against the way in which Irish history is written by some English historians. In Wright’s History of Ireland we find the following gratuitous assertion offered to excuse De Clare’s crime: “Such a refinement of cruelty must have arisen from a suspicion of treachery, or from some other grievous offence with which we are not acquainted.” If all the dark deeds of history are to be accounted for in this way, we may bid farewell to historical justice. And yet this work, which is written in the most prejudiced manner, has had a far larger circulation in Ireland than Mr. Haverty’s truthful and well-written history. When Irishmen support such works, they must not blame their neighbours across the Channel for accepting them as truthful histories.
 Shooting.—Four Masters, vol. iii. p. 435. These champions appear to have been very famous. They are mentioned in the Annals of Ulster and in the Annals of Clonmacnois, with special commendations for their skill. The following year O’Dowda was killed by Adam Cusack. It is hoped that he is not the same person as “the Cusack” whom he had assisted just before.
 Horses.—As votaries of the turf maybe interested in knowing the appellations of equine favourites in the thirteenth century, we subjoin a sample of their names: Lynst, Jourdan, Feraunt de Trim, Blanchard de Londres, Connetable, Obin the Black, &c.
 Progress.—The following passage is taken from a work published a few years ago. It is not a work of any importance, but it had some circulation in its day; and like many other works then published, was calculated to do immense mischief, by quoting the false statements of Cambrensis as authority, and by giving grotesque sketches of Irish character, which were equally untrue. The writer says: “They [the Irish chieftains] opposed the introduction of English law, because they had a direct interest in encouraging murder and theft.” The fact was, as we have shown, that the Irish did their best to obtain the benefit of English law; but the English nobles who ruled Ireland would not permit it, unquestionably “because they had a direct interest encouraging murder and theft.”