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Mary Frances Cusack
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 779 pages of information about An Illustrated History of Ireland from AD 400 to 1800.

[257] Weir.—­Salt appears to have been used also at a very ancient period, though it cannot now be ascertained how it was procured.  Perhaps it was obtained from native sources now unknown.

[258] Gold.—­Book of Rights, pp. 145, 209, &c.  The King of Cashel was entitled to a hundred drinking horns.—­p. 33.

[259] Beer.—­Book of Rights, p. 9.

[260] Period.—­Accounts will be given later of the use of aqua vitae, or whisky, after the English invasion.  The English appear to have appreciated this drink, for we find, in 1585, that the Mayor of Waterford sent Lord Burleigh a “rundell of aqua vitae;” and in another letter, in the State Paper Office, dated October 14, 1622, the Lord Justice Coke sends a “runlett of milde Irish uskebach,” from his daughter Peggie (heaven save the mark!) to the “good Lady Coventry,” because the said Peggie “was so much bound to her ladyship for her great goodness.”  However, the said Lord Justice strongly recommends the uskebach to his lordship, assuring him that “if it please his lordship next his heart in the morning to drinke a little of this Irish uskebach, it will help to digest all raw humours, expell wynde, and keep his inward parte warm all the day after.”  A poor half-starved Irishman in the present century, could scarcely have brought forward more extenuating circumstances for his use of the favourite beverage; and he might have added that he had nothing else to “keep him warm.”

[261] Bricks.—­In an ancient life of St. Kevin of Glendalough, there is mention made of certain brick-cheeses, which the saint converted into real bricks, in punishment to a woman for telling a lie.

[262] King.—­Book of Rights, p. 15.

[263] Informs us.—­Domestic Manners, p. 43.

[264] Macaulay.—­Lays of Ancient Rome.—­Horatius.

[265] Cambrensis.—­“Hinc accidit, ut Episcopi et Abbates, et Sancti in Hibernia viri cytharas circumferre et in eis modulando pie delectari consueverunt.”—­Cam.  Des. p. 739.

[266] Observes.—­Asiatic Researches, vol. ix. p. 76.

[267] Asia.—­See Carl Eugen’s valuable work on the Music of Ancient Nations passim.

[268] Country.—­Erste Wanderung der aeltesten Tonkunst, von G.W.  Fruh, Essen, 1831.  In Conran’s National Music of Ireland, he attributes this to the influence of ecclesiastical music.  But an article by Mr. Darmey, in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, takes a much more probable view.  The Ambrosian chant, introduced about A.D. 600, could not have influenced national music which existed for centuries before that period.

[269] Shoes.—­The use of inauguration shoes appears to have been very ancient in Ireland.  It will be remembered how early and how frequently the shoe is mentioned in Scripture in connexion with legal arrangements.  It was obviously an important object in Eastern business transactions.

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