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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 382 pages of information about The Religion of the Ancient Celts.

FOOTNOTES: 

[696] Reinach, BF 66, 244.  The bull and three cranes may be a rebus on the name of the bull, Tarvos Trikarenos, “the three-headed,” or perhaps Trikeras, “three-horned.”

[697] Plutarch, Marius, 23; Caesar, vii. 65; D’Arbois, Les Celtes, 49.

[698] Holder, s.v. Tarba, Tarouanna, Tarvisium, etc.; D’Arbois, Les Druides, 155; S. Greg. In Glor.  Conf. 48.

[699] CIL xiii. 6017; RC xxv. 47; Holder, ii. 528.

[700] Leahy, ii. 105 f.; Curtin, MFI 264, 318; Joyce, PN i. 174; Rees, 453.  Cf.  Ailred, Life of S. Ninian, c. 8.

[701] Jocelyn, Vita S. Kentig. c. 24; Rees, 293, 323.

[702] Tacitus, Germ. xlv.; Blanchet, i. 162, 165; Reinach, BF 255 f., CMR i. 168; Bertrand, Arch.  Celt. 419.

[703] Pennant, Tour in Scotland, 268; Reinach, RC xxii. 158, CMR i. 67.

[704] Pausan, vii. 17, 18; Johnson, Journey, 136.

[705] Joyce, SH ii. 127; IT i. 99, 256 (Bricriu’s feast and the tale of Macdatho’s swine).

[706] Strabo, iv. 4. 3, says these swine attacked strangers.  Varro, de Re Rustica, ii. 4, admires their vast size.  Cf.  Polyb. ii. 4.

[707] The hunt is first mentioned in Nennius, c. 79, and then appears as a full-blown folk-tale in Kulhwych, Loth, i. 185 f.  Here the boar is a transformed prince.

[708] I have already suggested, p. 106, supra, that the places where Gwydion halted with the swine of Elysium were sites of a swine-cult.

[709] RC xiii. 451.  Cf. also TOS vi.  “The Enchanted Pigs of Oengus,” and Campbell, LF 53.

[710] L’Anthropologie, vi. 584; Greenwell, British Barrows, 274, 283, 454; Arch.  Rev. ii. 120.

[711] Rev. Arch. 1897, 313.

[712] Reinach, “Zagreus le serpent cornu,” Rev. Arch. xxxv. 210.

[713] Reinach, BF 185; Bertrand, 316.

[714] “Cuchulainn’s Sick-bed,” D’Arbois, v. 202.

[715] See Reinach, CMR i. 57.

[716] CIL xiii. 5160, xii. 2199.  Rh[^y]s, however, derives Artaios from ar, “ploughed land,” and equates the god with Mercurius Cultor.

[717] CIL xii. 1556-1558; D’Arbois, RC x. 165.

[718] For all these place and personal names, see Holder and D’Arbois, op. cit.  Les Celtes, 47 f., Les Druides, 157 f.

[719] See p. 32, supra; Reinach, CMR i. 72, Rev. Arch. ii. 123.

[720] O’Grady, ii. 123.

[721] Epona is fully discussed by Reinach in his Epona, 1895, and in articles (illustrated) in Rev. Arch. vols. 26, 33, 35, 40, etc.  See also ii. [1898], 190.

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