With a strong gale at S., on the 19th, we stood to the westward, till eight o’clock in the morning; when the wind shifting to the W. and N.W., we tacked and stretched to the southward. At this time, we saw nine sail of large ships, which we judged to be French men-of-war. They took no particular notice of us, nor we of them.
At ten o’clock in the morning of the 22d, we saw Cape Ortegal; which at noon bore S.E. 1/2 S., about four leagues distant. At this time we were in the latitude of 44 deg. 6’ N.; and our longitude, by the watch, was 8 deg. 23” W.
After two days of calm weather, we passed Cape Finisterre on the afternoon of the 24th, with a fine gale at N.N.E. The longitude of this cape, by the watch, is 9 deg. 29’ W.; and, by the mean of forty-one lunar observations, made before and after we passed it, and reduced to it by the watch, the result was 9 deg. 19’ 12”.
On the 30th, at six minutes and thirty-eight seconds past ten o’clock at night, apparent time, I observed, with a night telescope, the moon totally eclipsed. By the ephemeris, the same happened at Greenwich at nine minutes past eleven o’clock; the difference being one hour, two minutes, and twenty-two seconds, or 15 deg. 35’ 30” of longitude. The watch, for the same time, gave 15 deg. 26’ 45’ longitude W.; and the latitude was 31 deg. 10’ N. No other observation could be made on this eclipse, as the moon was hid behind the clouds the greater part of the time; and, in particular, when the beginning and end of total darkness, and the end of the eclipse, happened.
Finding that we had not hay and corn sufficient for the subsistence of the stock of animals on board, till our arrival at the Cape of Good Hope, I determined to touch at Teneriffe, to get a supply of these, and of the usual refreshments for ourselves; thinking that island, for such purposes, better adapted than Madeira. At four in the afternoon of the 31st, we saw Teneriffe, and steered for the eastern part. At nine, being near it, we hauled up, and stood off and on during the night.
At day-light, on the morning of the 1st of August, we sailed round the east point of the island; and, about eight o’clock, anchored on the S.E. side of it, in the road of Santa Cruz, in twenty-three fathoms water; the bottom, sand and ooze. Punta de Nago, the east point of the road, bore N. 64 deg. E.; St Francis’s church, remarkable for its high steeple, W.S.W.; the Pic, S. 65 deg. W.; and the S.W. point of the road, on which stands a fort or castle, S. 39 deg. W. In this situation, we moored N.E. and S.W. with a cable each way, being near half a mile from the shore.
We found, riding in this road, La Boussole, a French frigate, commanded by the Chevalier de Borda; two brigantines of the same nation; an English brigantine from London, bound to Senegal; and fourteen sail of Spanish vessels.