Historical View of the Languages and Literature of the Slavic eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 454 pages of information about Historical View of the Languages and Literature of the Slavic.
Mountain, near Prague, in 1620, decided the destiny of Bohemia.  Twenty-seven of the leaders of the insurrection were publicly executed; sixteen were exiled or condemned to prison for life; their property, as also the possessions of seven hundred and twenty-eight noblemen and knights, who had voluntarily acknowledged themselves to have taken part in the insurrection, and of twenty-nine others who had fled, was wholly confiscated; and thus the amount of fifty-three millions of rix dollars transferred from Protestant to Romish hands.  The Literce Imperatorice were annulled; the Protestant religion in Bohemia abolished; and that kingdom declared a purely catholic hereditary monarchy.  All non-catholic preachers were banished; thirty thousand families, who preferred exile to a change of their religion, emigrated.  Among them 185 were noble families; the others artists, mechanics, merchants, and labourers.  Yet in the villages, among the woods and mountains, where neither soldier nor Jesuit had penetrated, and there alone, many Protestants remained, buried in a fortunate obscurity.  From the time of this catastrophe, the Bohemian language has never again been used in public business.  The thirty years’ war completed the devastation of this unfortunate country.  In 1617, Bohemia had 732 cities and 34,700 villages; when Ferdinand II died in 1637, there remained 130 cities and 6000 villages; and its three millions of inhabitants were reduced to 780,000.

FOURTH PERIOD.

From the battle at the White Mountain, A.D. 1620, to the Revival of Literature in A.D. 1774-80.

Of this melancholy period we have but little to say.  A dull pressure lay upon the nation; it was as if the heavy strokes inflicted on them had paralyzed their very limbs.  Innumerable monks came to Bohemia from Italy, Spain, and the south of Germany, who condemned and sacrificed to the flames every Bohemian book as necessarily heretical.  There were individuals who boasted having burned with their own hands 60,000 literary works.  They broke into private houses, and took away whatever Bohemian books they could find.  Those which they did not burn, were deposited in separate chambers in the convents, provided with iron grates, bolts, and chains, drawn before the door, on which was written. The Hell.  They distributed pamphlets respecting hell and purgatory, the reading of which produced derangement of mind in many weak persons; until, at last, the government was wise enough to lay a severe prohibition upon these measures.  The Bohemian emigrants indeed continued to have their religious books printed in their foreign homes; but they wrote comparatively few new works.  These however they contrived to introduce into Bohemia, where they were answered by the Jesuits and Capuchins in thick folio volumes, written in a language hardly intelligible.  There were however some honourable exceptions among these fathers; some persons, who,

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Historical View of the Languages and Literature of the Slavic from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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