On Wednesday the 20th, we found our longitude, by observation, to be 106 deg.47’W. and our latitude 20 deg.52’S. The next day we saw several flying fish, which were the first we had seen in these seas.
On the 22d, our longitude, by observation, was 111 deg.W. and our latitude 20 deg.18’S. and this day we saw some bonettoes, dolphins, and tropic birds.
The people, who had been recovering from colds and fevers, now began to fall down in the scurvy, upon which, at the surgeon’s representation, wine was served to them; wort was also made for them of malt, and each man had half a pint of pickled cabbage every day. The variation from 4 to 5 E.
On the 26th we saw two grampuses; on the 28th we saw another, and the next day several birds, among which was one about the size of a swallow, which some of us thought was a land bird.
Our men now began to look very pale and sickly, and to fall down very fast in the scurvy, notwithstanding all our care and attention to prevent it. They had vinegar and mustard without limitation, wine instead of spirits, sweet wort and salop. Portable soup was still constantly boiled in their peas and oatmeal; their birth and clothes were kept perfectly clean; the hammocks were constantly brought upon the deck at eight o’clock in the morning, and carried down at four in the afternoon. Some of the beds and hammocks were washed every day; the water was rendered wholesome by ventilation, and every part between decks frequently washed with vinegar.
On Sunday the 31st of May, our longitude, by observation, was 127 deg.45’W. our latitude 29 deg.38’S. and the variation, by azimuth and amplitude, 5 deg.9’E.
The next day, at three in the afternoon, our longitude, by observation, was 129 deg.15’W. and our latitude 19 deg.34’S. We had squally weather, with much lightning and rain, and saw several man-of-war birds.
On the 3d we saw several gannets, which, with the uncertainty of the weather, inclined us to hope that land was not very far distant. The next day a turtle swam close by the ship; on the 5th we saw many birds, which confirmed our hope that some place of refreshment was near, and at eleven o’clock in the forenoon of the 6th, Jonathan Puller, a seaman, called out from the mast-head, “Land in the W.N.W.” At noon it was seen plainly from the deck, and found to be a low island, at about five or six leagues distance. The joy which everyone on board felt at this discovery, can be conceived by those only who have experienced the danger, sickness, and fatigue of such a voyage as we had performed.