The History of the Great Irish Famine of 1847 (3rd ed.) (1902) eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 575 pages of information about The History of the Great Irish Famine of 1847 (3rd ed.) (1902).

CHAPTER I.

The Potato—­Its introduction into Europe—­Sir Walter Raleigh—­The Potato of Virginia—­The Battata, or sweet Potato—­Sir John Hawkins—­Sir Francis Drake—­Raleigh’s numerous exploring expeditions—­Story of his distributing Potatoes on the Irish coast on his way from Virginia groundless—­Sir Joseph Banks—­His history of the introduction of the Potato—­Thomas Heriot—­His description of the Opanawk a correct description of the Potato—­That root in Europe before Raleigh’s time—­Raleigh an “Undertaker”—­The Grants made to him—­The Famine after the War with the Desmonds—­Introduction of the Potato into Ireland—­Did not come rapidly into cultivation—­Food of the poorest—­Grazing—­Graziers—­Destruction of Irish Manufactures—­Causes of the increasing culture of the Potato—­Improvement of Agriculture—­Rotation of Crops—­Primate Boulter’s charity—­Buys Corn in the South to sell it cheaply in the North—­Years of scarcity from 1720 to 1740—­The Famine of 1740-41—­The Great Frost—­No combined effort to meet this Famine—­Vast number of Deaths—­The Obelisk at Castletown (Note)—­Price of Wheat—­Bread Riots—­Gangs of Robbers—­“The Kellymount Gang”—­Severe punishment—­Shooting down Food-rioters—­The Lord Lieutenant’s Address to Parliament—­Bill “for the more effectual securing the payments of rents and preventing the frauds of tenants”—­This Bill the basis of legislation on the Land Question up to 1870—­Land thrown into Grazing—­State of the Catholics—­Renewal of the Penal Statutes—­Fever and bloody flux—­Deaths—­State of Prisoners—­Galway Physicians refuse to attend Patients—­The Races of Galway changed to Tuam on account of the Fever in Galway—­Balls and Plays!—­Rt.  Rev. Dr. Berkeley’s account of the Famine—­The “Groans of Ireland”—­Ireland a land of Famine—­Dublin Bay—­The Coast—­The Wicklow Hills—­Killiney—­Obelisk Hill—­What the Obelisk was built for—­The Potato more cultivated than ever after 1741—­Agricultural literature of the time—­Apathy of the Gentry denounced—­Comparative yield of Potatoes a hundred years ago and at present—­Arthur Young on the Potato—­Great increase of its culture in twenty years—­The disease called “curl” in the Potato (Note)—­Failure of the Potato in 1821—­Consequent Famine in 1822—­Government grants—­Charitable collections—­High price of Potatoes—­Skibbereen in 1822—­Half of the superficies of the Island visited by this Famine—­Strange apathy of Statesmen and Landowners with regard to the ever-increasing culture of the Potato—­Supposed conquest of Ireland—­Ireland kept poor lest she should rebel—­The English colony always regarded as the Irish nation—­The natives ignored—­They lived in the bogs and mountains, and cultivated the Potato, the only food that would grow in such places—­No recorded Potato blight before 1729—­The probable reason—­Poverty of the English colony—­Jealousy of England of its progress and prosperity—­Commercial jealousy—­Destruction of the Woollen
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The History of the Great Irish Famine of 1847 (3rd ed.) (1902) from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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