56. Why are they so named?
Because they are not necessary for the completion of the Alphabet.
57. By what letters are the sounds
of C represented?
K and S.
58. What letters represent the sound
59. What letters represent the sound
60. What letters of themselves form
A, I, and O.
61. Spell all of the Consonants.
Bee, Cee, Dee, Eff, Gee, Aitch, Jay, Kay, Ell, Em, En, Pee,
Kw, Ar, Ess, Tee, Vee, Double-u, Ex, Wy, and Zee.—Goold
62. What letters are called the Twins?
Q and U.
63. Why so called?
Because Q is always followed by U in English spelling.
64. Is there any exception to this
The word LEECLERCQ is sometimes given as an example, but in
English it is spelled LEECLERC.
65. What is meant by style of letters?
Different type; as, Roman, Script, Italics, etc.
66. How many forms have letters?
67. What are they?
Small letters and Capitals.
68. What are the Natural Divisions
Subvocals and Aspirates.
69. What are Subvocals?
Those Consonants which produce an undertone of voice when their
sounds are uttered.
70. Name the Subvocals.
B, D, G hard; J and G soft; L, M, N, R, V, W, Y, Z, Zh, and Ng.
71. What are Aspirates?
Mere whispers made by the organs of speech and breath.
72. Name the Aspirates.
C, F, H, K, P, Q, S, T, X, Ch, Sh, and Wh.
73. What Combination is both Aspirate
74. What are Cognate letters?
Those which are produced by the same organs of speech in a similar
75. Give an example of a Cognate letter.
D is a cognate of T.
76. What are Quiescent letters?
Those that are silent.
77. How many uses have Silent letters?
78. What are they?
To modify vowels; to modify consonants; to determine
signification; to determine origin; and to distinguish
words of like signification.
79. What are Explodents?
Those letters whose sound cannot be prolonged.
80. Name the Explodents.
B, D, G, J, P, Q, T, and K.
81. What are the principle organs of
Lips, teeth, tongue, and palate.
82. What is meant by Organical division
of the consonants?
Pertaining to those particular organs used in their pronunciation.
83. Name the Organical divisions.
Labials, Dentals, Linguals, and Palatals.