1001 Questions and Answers on Orthography and Reading eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 91 pages of information about 1001 Questions and Answers on Orthography and Reading.

  51. What is the use of the Acute accent?
  To mark the primary accent, and the rising inflection.

  52. What is the use of the Circumflex?
  To mark the peculiar inflection of the voice in the pronunciation
          of a word.

  53. How many uses has the Hyphen?

  54. What are they?
  To separate the parts of a compound word; to separate a word into
          syllables; and to divide a word at the end of a line.

  55. When should the Hyphen be used in a compound word?
  When the word has not become permanently compounded.

  56. When use the Dieresis instead of the Hyphen?
  When the syllables are divided by the hyphen, there is no hyphen
          used between the vowels of the digraph.

  57. What is the use of the Period?
  To denote an abbreviation.

  58. Are there any other uses of the Period?
  There are.

  59. Where else is the Period used?
  In Rhetorical punctuation.

  60. Name the points used in Reference punctuation.
  Asterisk, Obelisk, Parallels, Section, Paragraph, and Index.

  61. Are these marks ever doubled?
  They are.

  62. Are Letters ever used for reference?
  They are.


  1. What are Diacritical Marks?
  Characters indicating the different sounds of letters.

  2. Name the Diacritical Marks.
  Macron, Breve, Dieresis, Semi-Dieresis, Caret, Tilde, Cedilla, and
          the inverted T.

  3. Make the Diacritical Marks in the order named:
  ([macron]); ([breve]); ([diaeresis]); ([superior dot]); ([caret]);
          (~); ([cedilla]); ([inverted T (uptack)]).

  4. What does the Macron indicate?
  Over a vowel, its long sound; under e, the sound of a, long;
          across c, the sound of k; over g, the hard sound; across
          th, the subvocal sound, and over oo, the long sound.

  5. What are the uses of the Breve?
  Over vowels, it indicates their short sound, and over oo, its
          short sound.

  6. What does the Dieresis indicate?
  Over a, its Italian sound; under a, its broad sound; over i,
          the sound of e, long; under u, when preceded by r,
          makes it equivalent to o, Italian.

  7. What is the use of the Semi-Dieresis?
  Over a, gives it the medium sound; under a, the sound of o,
          short; over o, the sound of u, short; under o, the sound;
          over g, the soft sound; and under u, the sound of Italian o.

  8. Where is the Cedilla used?
  Under c, to give it the sound of s.

  9. What is the use of the Caret as a Diacritical Mark?
  Over a, it indicates the flat sound; over e, the sound of a, flat;
          over u, the sound of e, in her.

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1001 Questions and Answers on Orthography and Reading from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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