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1001 Questions and Answers on Orthography and Reading eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 65 pages of information about 1001 Questions and Answers on Orthography and Reading.

  44. What is Analysis?
  Separating a word or syllable into its elements or parts.

  45. What is Synthesis?
  The process of combining elements to form syllables and words.

  46. What is the Base of a Compound word?
  That word representing the fundamental idea.

  47. What is the Modifier in a Compound word?
  That word which describes the other.

  48. What is the Base of a Derivative word?
  The primitive from which it is derived.

  49. What is the Modifier in a Derivative word?
  The affix.

  50. What is an Affix?
  That part of a derivative word attached to the root.

  51. How many Root words in the English language?
  Over one thousand.

  52. What is a Prefix?
  That part of a derivative word placed before the root.

  53. What is a Postfix?
  That part of a derivative word placed after the root.

  54. What is a Suffix?
  Same as a postfix.

  55. What are Affixes?
  Prefixes and postfixes together are called affixes.

  56. How many kinds of Derivatives are there?
  Two.

  57. What are they?
  Regular and irregular.

  58. What is a Regular derivative?
  One that is formed by the addition of affixes without changing the
          letters in the primitive part (except final e silent).

  59. What is an Irregular derivative?
  One in which the letters of the primitive part are changed.

  60. In using Affixes, what rule should be observed?
  The affix and root should be from the same language.

  61. Is the same rule to be observed in forming Compound words?
  It is.

  62. What is a Mongrel compound word?
  One formed contrary to the rule.

  63. Give an example.
  Cable-graph and cable-gram.

  64. What are Barbarisms?
  Same as mongrel.

  65. When use the hyphen in Compound words?
  When they are not permanently compounded.

  66. What is an Obsolete word?
  One gone out of date.

RULES AND TERMS.

  1. What is Spelling?
  A distinct expression of the letters or sounds of a word in their
          proper order.

  2. How many kinds of Spelling?
  Two.

  3. What are they?
  Orthographic and Phonic.

  4. What is Orthographic spelling?
  An expression of the letters of a written or printed word in their
          proper order.

  5. What is Phonic spelling?
  An expression of the elementary sounds of a word in their proper
          order, according to established usage.

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