The Roman Question eBook

Edmond François Valentin About
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 233 pages of information about The Roman Question.
happens to be in a bad temper.  A youth sends up a Bengal light,—­the galleys for twenty years.  A woman prevents a smoker from lighting his cigar,—­twenty lashes.  In seven years Ancona has witnessed sixty capital executions, and Bologna a hundred and eighty.  Blood flows, and the Pope washes his hands of it.  He did not sign the warrants.  Every now and then the Austrians bring him a man they have shot, just as a gamekeeper brings his master a fox he has killed in the preserves.

Perhaps I shall be told that this government of priests is not responsible for the crimes committed in its service.

We French have also experienced the scourge of a foreign occupation.  For some years soldiers who spoke not our language were encamped in our departments.  The king who had been forced upon us was neither a great man nor a man of energy, nor even a very good man; and he had left a portion of his dignity in the enemy’s baggage-waggons.  But certain it is that, in 1817, Louis XVIII. would rather have come down from his throne than have allowed his subjects to be legally shot by Russians and Prussians.

M. de Rayneval says, “The Holy Father has never failed to mitigate the severity of judgments.”

I want to know in what way he has been enabled to mitigate these Austrian fusillades.  Perhaps he has suggested a coating of soft cotton for the bullets.



The Roman State is the most radically Catholic in Europe, seeing that it is governed by the Vicar of Jesus Christ himself.  It is also the most fertile in crimes of every description, and above all, of violent crimes.  So remarkable a contrast cannot escape observation.  It is pointed out daily.  Conclusions unfavorable to Catholicism have even been drawn from it; but this is a mistake.  Let us not set down to religion that which is the necessary consequence of a particular form of government.

The Papacy has its root in Heaven, not in the country.  It is not the Italian people who ask for a Pope,—­it is Heaven that chooses him, the Sacred College that nominates him, diplomacy that maintains him, and the French army that imposes him upon the nation.  The Sovereign Pontiff and his staff constitute a foreign body, introduced into Italy like a thorn into a woodcutter’s foot.

What is the mission of the Pontifical Government?  To what end did Europe bring Pius IX. from Gaeta to re-establish him at the Vatican?  Was it for the sake of giving three millions of men an active and vigorous overseer?  The merest brigadier of gendarmerie would have done the work better.  No; it was in order that the Head of the Church might preside over the interests of religion from the elevation of a throne, and that the Vicar of Jesus Christ might be surrounded with royal splendour.  The three millions of men who dwell in his States are appointed by Europe to defray the expenses of his court.  In point of fact, we have given them to the Pope, not the Pope to them.

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The Roman Question from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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