Kitzur Sh’lh, fols. 65-67.
At the close of the Sabbath he is to pronounce over a cup of wine what is technically termed the “Separation,” for the departure of the Sabbath, as given in the prayer-book. He is then to fold up his Tallith or veil and sing “Hamavdil,” the first verse of which runs thus:—
“May He who maketh a distinction between the holy (Sabbath) and the profane (days of the week) pardon our sins and multiply our children and our money as the sand and as the stars in the night!”
Should he forget to fold his veil (Tallith), he is to shake it thoroughly the next morning, in order to get rid of the evil spirits that have harbored there during the night, and the reason is known to the lords of the Kabbalah.
Ibid., fol. 71, col. 1.
It is customary then to repeat a number of hymns and songs and legends wherein Elijah the Prophet is mentioned, because he it is that is to come and bring the tidings of redemption, for it is thus stated in Tosephta, that on the exit of the Sabbath Elijah of blessed memory sits under the “Tree of Life” and records in writing the merits of those that keep the Sabbath. Those that are particular repeat, and the very pious write, “Elijah the Prophet, Elijah the Prophet, Elijah the Prophet,” a hundred and thirty times, for “Elijah the Prophet,” by Gematria equals 120, to which add 10, the number of the letters, and the total is 130.
The word Elijah is written a hundred and thirty times in tabular form, with the letters transposed. This can be understood better by forming a Kabbalistic table of the same word in English.
Elijah Ehlija Ejahli Eijahl Elhija
Elahij Eljahi Elhaji Eljiah Ealijh
Eahlij Eajhli Eaijhl Ealhij Ehalij
Ehlaij Ehijla Ehjial Ehialj Ehjail
and so on.
The last day of the month is called, “The little Day of Atonement,” and it is fit and proper to do penance on that day. On the first day of the month it is a pious act to prepare an extra dish for dinner in honor of the day. God has given the first of the month (as a festival) more for women than for men, because the three annual festivals are according to the three patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and because the twelve months are according to the twelve tribes; and as the tribes sinned in the matter of the golden calf, and the women were unwilling to give up their golden earrings for that idolatrous purpose, therefore they deserved that God should give them as their reward the first days of the twelve months, according to the number of the tribes.
Kitzur Sh’lh, fol. 72, col. 1.