The Fight For The Republic in China eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 533 pages of information about The Fight For The Republic in China.

Art. 85.  The organization of the Courts of Justice and the qualifications of the Judges shall be fixed by law.

The appointment of the Chief-Justice of the Supreme Court should have the approval of the Senate.

Art. 86.  The Judiciary shall attend to and settle all civil, criminal, administrative and other cases, but this does not include those cases which have been specially provided for by the Constitution or law.

Art. 87.  The trial of cases in the law courts shall be conducted publicly, but those affecting public peace and order or propriety may be held in camera.

Art. 88.  The Judges shall be independent in the conducting of trials and none shall be allowed to interfere.

Art. 89.  Except in accordance with law, judges, during their continuation of office shall not have their emoluments decreased, nor be transferred to other offices, nor shall they be removed from office.

During his tenure of office, no judge shall be deprived of his office unless he is convicted of crime, or for offences punishable by law.  But the above does not include cases of reorganization of Judicial Courts and when the qualification of the Judges are modified.  The punishments and fines of the Judicial Officials shall be fixed by law.


Art. 90.  The members of both Houses and the Executive Department may introduce bills of law, but if any bill of law is rejected by the House it shall not be re-introduced during the same session.

Art. 91.  Any bill of law which has been passed by the National Assembly shall be promulgated by the President within 15 days after receipt of the same.

Art. 92.  Should the President disapprove of any bill of law passed by the National Assembly, he shall within the period allowed for promulgation, state the reason of his disapproval and request the reconsideration of the same by the National Assembly.

If a bill of law has not yet been submitted with a request for consideration and the period for promulgation has passed; it shall become law.  But the above shall not apply to the case when the session of the National Assembly is adjourned, or, the House of Representatives dissolved before the period for the promulgation is ended.

Art. 93.  The law shall not be altered or repealed except in accordance with the law.

Art. 94.  Any law that is in conflict with the Constitution shall not be valid.


Art. 95.  The introduction of new taxes and alterations in the rate of taxation shall be fixed by law.

Art. 96. (Eliminated.)

Art. 97.  The approval of the National Assembly must be obtained for National loans, or the conclusion of agreements which tend to increase the burden of the National Treasury.

Art. ...  Financial bills involving direct obligation on the part of the citizens shall first be submitted to the House of Representatives.

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The Fight For The Republic in China from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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