The Fight For The Republic in China eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 444 pages of information about The Fight For The Republic in China.

Art. 26.  The President may, according to law, declare Martial Law.

Art. 27.  The President may confer titles of nobility, decorations and other insignia of honour.

Art. 28.  The President may declare general amnesty, special pardon, commutation of punishment, or restoration of rights.  In case of general amnesty the approval of the Li Fa Yuan must be secured.

Art. 29.  When the President, for any cause, vacates his post or is unable to attend to his duties, the Vice-President shall assume his duties and authority in his stead.

CHAPTER IV.—­THE LEGISLATURE

Art. 30.  Legislation shall be done by the Legislature organized with the members elected by the people.

The organization of the Legislature and the method of electing the legislative members shall be fixed by the Provisional Constitution Conference.

Art. 31.  The duties and authorities of the Li Fa Yuan shall be as follows: 

(1) To discuss and pass all bills of law.

(2) To discuss and pass the Budget.

(3) To discuss and pass or approve articles relating to raising of public loans and national financial responsibilities.

(4) To reply to the inquiries addressed to it by the Government.

(5) To receive petitions of the people.

(6) To bring up bills on law.

(7) To bring up suggestions and opinions before the President regarding law and other affairs.

(8) To bring out the doubtful points of the administration and request the President for an explanation; but when the President deems it necessary for a matter to be kept secret he may refuse to give the answer.

(9) Should the President attempt treason the Li Fa Yuan may institute judicial proceedings in the Supreme Court against him by a three-fourths or more vote of a four-fifths attendance of the total membership.

Regarding the clauses from 1 to 8 and articles 20, 25, 28, 55 and 27, the approval of a majority of more than half of the attending members will be required to make a decision.

Art. 32.  The regular annual session of the Li Fa Yuan will be four months in duration; but when the President deems it necessary it may be prolonged.  The President may also call special sessions when it is not in session.

Art. 33.  The meetings of the Li Fa Yuan shall be “open sessions,” but they may be held in secret at the request of the President or the decision of the majority of more than half of the members present.

Art. 34.  The law bills passed by the Li Fa Yuan shall be promulgated by the President and enforced.

When the President vetoes a law bill passed by the Li Fa Yuan he must give the reason and refer it again to the Li Fa Yuan for reconsideration.  If such bill should be again passed by a two-thirds vote of the members present at the Li Fa Yuan but at the same time the President should firmly hold that it would greatly harm the internal administration or diplomacy to enforce such law or there will be great and important obstacles against enforcing it, he may withhold promulgation with the approval of the Tsan Cheng Yuan.

Copyrights
Project Gutenberg
The Fight For The Republic in China from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
Follow Us on Facebook