BRACHIOPODA (Gr. brachion, an arm; pous, the foot). A class or the Molluscoida, often called “Lamp-shells,” characterised by possessing two fleshy arms continued from the sides of the mouth.
BRACHYURA (Gr. brachus, short; oura, tail). A tribe of the Decapod Crustaceans with short tails (i.e., the Crabs).
BRADYPODIDAE. (Gr. bradus, slow; podes, feet). The family of Edentata comprising the Sloths.
BRANCHIA (Gr. bragchia, the gill of a fish). A respiratory organ adapted to breathe air dissolved in water.
BRANCHIATE. Possessing gills or branchiae.
BRONTEUS (Gr. brone, thunder—an
epithet of Jupiter the Thunderer).
A genus of Trilobites.
BRONTOTHERIUM (Gr. bronte, thunder; therion beast). An extinct genus of Ungulate Quadrupeds.
BRONTOZOUM (Gr. bronte, thunder; zooen, animal). A genus founded on the largest footprints of the Triassic Sandstones of Connecticut.
BUCCINUM (Lat. buccinun, a trumpet). The genus of Univalves comprising the Whelks.
CALAMITES (Lat. calamus, a reed). Extinct plants with reed-like stems, believed to be gigantic representatives of the Equisetaceoe.
CALCAREOUS (Lat. calx, lime). Composed of carbonate of lime.
CALICE. The little cup in which the polype of a coralligenous Zoophyte (Actinozooen) is contained.
CALYMENE (Gr. kalumene, concealed). A genus of Trilobites.
CALYX (Lat. a cup). Applied to the cup-shaped body of a Crinoid (Echinodermata).
CAMAROPHORIA (Gr. kamara, a chamber; phero, I carry). A genus of Brachiopods.
CAMELOPARDALIDAE. (Lat. camelus, a camel; pardalis, a panther). The family of the Giraffes.
CANINE (Lat. canis, a dog). The eye-tooth of Mammals, or the tooth which is placed at or close to the praemaxillary suture in the upper jaw, and the corresponding tooth in the lower jaw.
CARAPACE. A protective shield. Applied to the upper shell of Crabs, Lobsters, and many other Crustacea. Also the upper half of the immovable case in which the body of a Chelonian is protected.
CARCHARODON (Gr. karcharos. rough; odous, tooth). A genus of Sharks.
CARDIOCARPON (Gr. kardia, the heart; karpos, fruit). A genus of fossil fruit from the Coal-measures.
CARDIUM (Gr. kardia, the heart). The genus of Bivalve Molluscs comprising the Cockles. Cardinia, Cardiola, and Cardita have the same derivation.
CARNIVORA (Lat. caro, flesh; voro, I devour). An order of the Mammalia. The “Beasts of Prey.”