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Henry Alleyne Nicholson
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 391 pages of information about The Ancient Life History of the Earth.

BRACHIOPODA (Gr. brachion, an arm; pous, the foot).  A class or the Molluscoida, often called “Lamp-shells,” characterised by possessing two fleshy arms continued from the sides of the mouth.

BRACHYURA (Gr. brachus, short; oura, tail).  A tribe of the Decapod Crustaceans with short tails (i.e., the Crabs).

BRADYPODIDAE. (Gr. bradus, slow; podes, feet).  The family of Edentata comprising the Sloths.

BRANCHIA (Gr. bragchia, the gill of a fish).  A respiratory organ adapted to breathe air dissolved in water.

BRANCHIATE.  Possessing gills or branchiae.

BRONTEUS (Gr. brone, thunder—­an epithet of Jupiter the Thunderer). 
A genus of Trilobites.

BRONTOTHERIUM (Gr. bronte, thunder; therion beast).  An extinct genus of Ungulate Quadrupeds.

BRONTOZOUM (Gr. bronte, thunder; zooen, animal).  A genus founded on the largest footprints of the Triassic Sandstones of Connecticut.

BUCCINUM (Lat. buccinun, a trumpet).  The genus of Univalves comprising the Whelks.

CAINOZOIC (See Kainozoic.)

CALAMITES (Lat. calamus, a reed).  Extinct plants with reed-like stems, believed to be gigantic representatives of the Equisetaceoe.

CALCAREOUS (Lat. calx, lime).  Composed of carbonate of lime.

CALICE.  The little cup in which the polype of a coralligenous Zoophyte (Actinozooen) is contained.

CALYMENE (Gr. kalumene, concealed).  A genus of Trilobites.

CALYX (Lat. a cup).  Applied to the cup-shaped body of a Crinoid (Echinodermata).

CAMAROPHORIA (Gr. kamara, a chamber; phero, I carry).  A genus of Brachiopods.

CAMELOPARDALIDAE. (Lat. camelus, a camel; pardalis, a panther).  The family of the Giraffes.

CANINE (Lat. canis, a dog).  The eye-tooth of Mammals, or the tooth which is placed at or close to the praemaxillary suture in the upper jaw, and the corresponding tooth in the lower jaw.

CARAPACE.  A protective shield.  Applied to the upper shell of Crabs, Lobsters, and many other Crustacea.  Also the upper half of the immovable case in which the body of a Chelonian is protected.

CARCHARODON (Gr. karcharos. rough; odous, tooth).  A genus of Sharks.

CARDIOCARPON (Gr. kardia, the heart; karpos, fruit).  A genus of fossil fruit from the Coal-measures.

CARDIUM (Gr. kardia, the heart).  The genus of Bivalve Molluscs comprising the Cockles. Cardinia, Cardiola, and Cardita have the same derivation.

CARNIVORA (Lat. caro, flesh; voro, I devour).  An order of the Mammalia.  The “Beasts of Prey.”

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