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The Ancient Life History of the Earth eBook

Henry Alleyne Nicholson
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 391 pages of information about The Ancient Life History of the Earth.

BRACHIOPODA (Gr. brachion, an arm; pous, the foot).  A class or the Molluscoida, often called “Lamp-shells,” characterised by possessing two fleshy arms continued from the sides of the mouth.

BRACHYURA (Gr. brachus, short; oura, tail).  A tribe of the Decapod Crustaceans with short tails (i.e., the Crabs).

BRADYPODIDAE. (Gr. bradus, slow; podes, feet).  The family of Edentata comprising the Sloths.

BRANCHIA (Gr. bragchia, the gill of a fish).  A respiratory organ adapted to breathe air dissolved in water.

BRANCHIATE.  Possessing gills or branchiae.

BRONTEUS (Gr. brone, thunder—­an epithet of Jupiter the Thunderer). 
A genus of Trilobites.

BRONTOTHERIUM (Gr. bronte, thunder; therion beast).  An extinct genus of Ungulate Quadrupeds.

BRONTOZOUM (Gr. bronte, thunder; zooen, animal).  A genus founded on the largest footprints of the Triassic Sandstones of Connecticut.

BUCCINUM (Lat. buccinun, a trumpet).  The genus of Univalves comprising the Whelks.

CAINOZOIC (See Kainozoic.)

CALAMITES (Lat. calamus, a reed).  Extinct plants with reed-like stems, believed to be gigantic representatives of the Equisetaceoe.

CALCAREOUS (Lat. calx, lime).  Composed of carbonate of lime.

CALICE.  The little cup in which the polype of a coralligenous Zoophyte (Actinozooen) is contained.

CALYMENE (Gr. kalumene, concealed).  A genus of Trilobites.

CALYX (Lat. a cup).  Applied to the cup-shaped body of a Crinoid (Echinodermata).

CAMAROPHORIA (Gr. kamara, a chamber; phero, I carry).  A genus of Brachiopods.

CAMELOPARDALIDAE. (Lat. camelus, a camel; pardalis, a panther).  The family of the Giraffes.

CANINE (Lat. canis, a dog).  The eye-tooth of Mammals, or the tooth which is placed at or close to the praemaxillary suture in the upper jaw, and the corresponding tooth in the lower jaw.

CARAPACE.  A protective shield.  Applied to the upper shell of Crabs, Lobsters, and many other Crustacea.  Also the upper half of the immovable case in which the body of a Chelonian is protected.

CARCHARODON (Gr. karcharos. rough; odous, tooth).  A genus of Sharks.

CARDIOCARPON (Gr. kardia, the heart; karpos, fruit).  A genus of fossil fruit from the Coal-measures.

CARDIUM (Gr. kardia, the heart).  The genus of Bivalve Molluscs comprising the Cockles. Cardinia, Cardiola, and Cardita have the same derivation.

CARNIVORA (Lat. caro, flesh; voro, I devour).  An order of the Mammalia.  The “Beasts of Prey.”

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