The Ancient Life History of the Earth eBook

Henry Alleyne Nicholson
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 391 pages of information about The Ancient Life History of the Earth.
Sloths,
  Ant-eaters, Armadillos (Edentata); Manatees and Dugongs
  (Sirenia); Whales, Dolphins, Porpoises (Cetacea);
  Rhinoceros, Tapir, Horses, Hippopotamus, Pigs, Camels and
  Llamas, Giraffes, Deer, Antelopes, Sheep, Goats, Oxen
  (Ungulata); Hyrax (Hyracoidea**); Elephants,
  Mastodon,* Deinotherium* (Proboscidea); Seals,
  Walrus, Bears, Dogs, Wolves, Cats, Lions, Tigers, &c.
  (Carnivora); Hares, Rabbits, Porcupines, Beavers,
  Rats, Mice, Lemmings, Squirrels, Marmots, &c. (Rodentia);
  Bats (Cheiroptera); Moles, Shrew-mice, Hedgehogs
  (Insectivora); Lemurs, Spider-monkeys, Macaques,
  Baboons, Apes (Quadrumana); Man (Bimana).

GLOSSARY.

ABDOMEN (Lat. abdo, I conceal).  The posterior cavity of the body, containing the intestines and others of the viscera.  In many Invertebrates there is no separation of the body-cavity into thorax and abdomen, and it is only in the higher Annulosa that a distinct abdomen can be said to exist.

ABERRANT (Lat. aberro, I wander away).  Departing from the regular type.

ABNORMAL (Lat. ab, from; norma, a rule).  Irregular; deviating from the ordinary standard.

ACRODUS (Gr. akros, high; odous, tooth).  A genus of the Cestraciont fishes, so called from the elevated teeth.

ACROGENS (Gr. akros, high; gennao, I produce).  Plants which increase in height by additions made to the summit of the stem by the union of the bases of the leaves.

ACROTRETA (Gr. akros, high; tretos, pierced).  A genus of Brachiopods, so called from the presence of a foramen at the summit of the shell.

ACTINOCRINUS (Gr. aktin, a ray; krinon, a lily).  A genus of Crinoids.

ACTINOZOA (Gr. aktin, a ray; and zooen, an animal).  That division of the Coelenterata of which the Sea-anemones may be taken as the type.

AEGLINA (AEgle, a sea-nymph).  A genus of Trilobites.

AEPIORNIS (Gr. aipus, huge; ornis, bird).  A genus of gigantic
Cursorial birds.

AGNOSTUS (Gr. a, not; gignosko, I know).  A genus of Trilobites.

ALCES (Lat. alces, elk).  The European Elk or Moose.

ALECTO (the proper name of one of the Furies).  A genus of Polyzoa.

ALETHOPTERIS (Gr. alethes, true; pteris, fern).  A genus of
Ferns.

ALGAE. (Lat. alga, a marine plant).  The order of plants comprising the Sea-weeds and many fresh-water plants.

ALVEOLUS (Lat. alvus, belly).  Applied to the sockets of the teeth.

AMBLYPTERUS (Gr. amblus, blunt; pteron, fin).  An order of
Ganoid Fishes.

AMBONYCHIA (Gr. ambon, a boss; onux, claw).  A genus of Palaeozoic
Bivalves.

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The Ancient Life History of the Earth from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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