The Ancient Life History of the Earth eBook

Henry Alleyne Nicholson
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 391 pages of information about The Ancient Life History of the Earth.

CHAPTER XVII.

The Cretaceous period—­General succession and subdivisions of the Cretaceous rocks in Britain—­Cretaceous rocks of North America—­Life of the period—­Plants—­Protozoa—­Corals—­Echinoderms—­ Crustaceans—­Polyzoa—­Brachiopods—­Bivalves—­Univalves—­ Tetrabranchiate and Dibranchiate Cephalopods—­Fishes—­Reptiles—­ Birds—­Literature.

CHAPTER XVIII.

The Eocene period—­Relations between the Kainozoic and Mesozoic rocks in Europe and in North America—­Classification of the Tertiary deposits—­The sequence and subdivisions of the Eocene rocks of Britain and France—­Eocene strata of the United States—­Life of the period—­Plants—­Foraminifera—­
Corals—­Echinoderms—­Mollusca—­Fishes—­ Reptiles—­Birds—­Mammals.

CHAPTER XIX.

The Miocene period—­Miocene strata of Britain—­Of France—­Of Belgium—­Of Austria—­Of Switzerland—­Of Germany—­Of Greece—­Of India—­Of North America—­Of the Arctic regions—­Life of the period—­Vegetation of the Miocene period—­Foraminifera—­Corals—­ Echinoderms—­Articulates—­Mollusca&mdash
;­Fishes-Amphibians—­Reptiles—­ Mammals.

CHAPTER XX.

The Pliocene period—­Pliocene deposits of Britain—­Of Europe—­Of North America—­Life of the period—­Climate of the period as indicated by the Invertebrate animals—­The Pliocene Mammalia—­Literature relating to the Tertiary deposits and their fossils.

CHAPTER XXI.

The Post-Pliocene period—­Division of the Quaternary deposits into Post-Pliocene and Recent—­Relations of the Post-Pliocene deposits of the northern hemisphere to the “Glacial period”—­Pre-Glacial deposits—­Glacial deposits—­Arctic Mollusca in Glacial beds—­Post-Glacial deposits—­Nature and mode of formation of high-level and low-level gravels—­Nature and mode of formation of cavern-deposits—­Kent’s Cavern-Post—­Pliocene deposits of the southern hemisphere.

CHAPTER XXII.

Life of the Post-Pliocene period—­Effect of the coming on and departure of the Glacial period upon the animals inhabiting the northern hemisphere—­Birds of the Post-Pliocene—­Mammalia of the Post-Pliocene—­Climate of the Post-Glacial period as deduced from the Post-Glacial Mammals—­Occurrence of the bones and implements of Man in Post-Pliocene deposits in association with the remains of extinct Mammalia—­Literature relating to the Post-Pliocene period.

CHAPTER XXIII.

The succession of life upon the globe—­Gradual and successive introduction of life-forms—­What is meant by “lower” and “higher” groups of animals and plants—­Succession in time of the great groups of animals in the main corresponding with their zoological order—­Identical phenomena in the vegetable kingdom—­Persistent types of life—­High organisation of many early forms—­Bearings of Palaeontology on the general doctrine of Evolution.

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The Ancient Life History of the Earth from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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