Readings on Fascism and National Socialism eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 153 pages of information about Readings on Fascism and National Socialism.
living-space and the basis for the food supply of the German people are its territory and soil.  The farmer is the first and deepest representative of the people since he nourishes the people from the fertility of the earth and he maintains the nation through the fertility of his own family.  Here National Socialism had to accomplish two great legal ends:  the reestablishment and the protection of the farmer class and the securing of its land for the farmer family.
3.  Work:  The nation’s work as a basic national value is grounded on the leading concept of “work of the hands and of the head” within and for the community of the people and the elevation of work to the only criterion for the value of an individual within the community.  In place of the idea of class warfare, National Socialism had to establish the national community legally; in place of the defamation of work and its degradation to an object of barter, National Socialism had to raise it to an ethical duty and the right to work had to become the most clearly defined personal right of the individual.  The concept of the honor of work had to be established as the basic concept of the national honor.

     4.  The Reich:  With the securing of the three basic values of
     race, soil, and work arises the National Socialist Reich.

The infusion of foreign cultural and legal influences in Germany was a consequence of the weakening of the central authority of the German Reich since the Middle Ages.  The creation and insuring of a strong central authority in contrast to the disorganized, federalistic system of the Weimar Republic became one of the principal lines of National Socialist legal policy.  In consequence of the National Socialist revolution, the Reich took on the legal form of a totalitarian state and received a supreme and completely authoritative lawgiver in the person of the Fuehrer.  The principle of a division of power could no longer maintain itself:  The formulation, the interpretation, and the execution of the law are all performed by the Fuehrer himself or under his authority.
5.  Honor:  The fifth great value of the nation is its honor.  The honor of the people, the Reich, the party, the Fuehrer, and the individual citizen are all regarded as goods to be protected by law.  The basis of national honor is loyalty.  National Socialist criminal law is therefore essentially organized as a system of punishment for breaches of faith.  Every crime and offense against the community is a breach of faith which must result in loss of honor.[95]

2.  Foreign Policy

The close connection between the internal political program of the National Socialist movement, as expressed in the foregoing paragraphs, and its foreign policy was indicated by Hitler when he wrote in Mein Kampf (document 13-I, post p. 226): 

     As National Socialists we can further set forth the
     following principle with regard to the nature of the foreign
     policy of a folk-state: 

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Readings on Fascism and National Socialism from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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