Readings on Fascism and National Socialism eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 153 pages of information about Readings on Fascism and National Socialism.

[Footnote 88:  Huber, Verfassungsrecht des grossdeutschen Reiches (Hamburg, 1939), p. 361.]

[Footnote 89:  Ibid., pp. 365-366.]

[Footnote 90:  Ibid., pp. 372-373.]

[Footnote 91:  Reichsgesetzblatt (1937), pp. 39-70.]

[Footnote 92:  Gauweiler, op. cit., p. 156.]

[Footnote 93:  Reported in a bulletin of the official German news agency, DNB, Apr. 14, 1942.]


Political Aims

The political aims of National Socialism have been written so clearly in history in the past 10 years that it does not appear necessary to discuss them at length here.

The detailed program of the Nazi Party consists of the 25 points which were adopted on February 24, 1920 at a party mass meeting in Munich.  (The 25-point program appears in the Appendix as document 12, post p. 222.) The points of particular interest in this study are the first four, which are set forth below: 

     1.  We demand the union of all Germans to form a Great
     Germany on the basis of the right of the self-determination
     enjoyed by nations.

     2.  We demand equality of rights for the German People in its
     dealings with other nations, and abolition of the Peace
     Treaties of Versailles and St. Germain.

     3.  We demand land and territory (colonies) for the
     nourishment of our people and for settling our superfluous

4.  None but members of the nation may be citizens of the State.  None but those of German blood, whatever their creed, may be members of the nation.  No Jew, therefore, may be a member of the nation.[94]

1.  Internal Objectives

A statement of the internal objectives of National Socialism is made by Gauweiler in his Legal Organization and Legal Functions of the Movement (document 8, post p. 204).  The laws of the Reich must seek to establish and promote the five basic values recognized by Nazi ideology: 

1.  Race:  The legal protection of the race, which has created a new concept of nationality [Volkszugehoerigkeit], is consciously put in first place, for the most significant historical principle which has been established by the victory of National Socialism is that of the necessity for keeping race and blood pure.  All human mistakes and errors can be corrected except one:  “the error regarding the importance of maintaining the basic values of a nation.”
The purpose of this legal protection of the basic value of race must be the prevention for all time of a further mixture of German blood with foreign blood, as well as the prevention of continued procreation of racially unworthy and undesirable members of the people.
2.  Soil [Boden]:  The
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