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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 128 pages of information about Readings on Fascism and National Socialism.

Fascism wants a man to be active and to be absorbed in action with all his energies; it wants him to have a manly consciousness of the difficulties that exist and to be ready to face them.  It conceives life as a struggle, thinking that it is the duty of man to conquer that life which is really worthy of him:  creating in the first place within himself the (physical, moral, intellectual) instrument with which to build it.

As for the individual, so for the nation, so for mankind.  Hence the high value of culture in all its forms (art, religion, science) and the supreme importance of education.  Hence also the essential value of labour, with which man conquers nature and creates the human world (economic, political, moral, intellectual).

4.  Ethical Conception.

This positive conception of life is evidently an ethical conception.  And it comprises the whole reality as well as the human activity which domineers it.  No action is to be removed from the moral sense; nothing is to be in the world that is divested of the importance which belongs to it in respect of moral aims.  Life, therefore, as the Fascist conceives it, is serious, austere, religious; entirely balanced in a world sustained by the moral and responsible forces of the spirit.  The Fascist disdains the “easy” life.

5.  Religious Conception.

Fascism is a religious conception in which man is considered to be in the powerful grip of a superior law, with an objective will which transcends the particular individual and elevates him into a fully conscious member of a spiritual society.  Anyone who has stopped short at the mere consideration of opportunism in the religious policy of the Fascist Regime, has failed to understand that Fascism, besides being a system of government, is also a system of thought.

6.  Historical and Realist Conception.

Fascism is an historical conception in which man could not be what he is without being a factor in the spiritual process to which he contributes, either in the family sphere or in the social sphere, in the nation or in history in general to which all nations contribute.  Hence is derived the great importance of tradition in the records, language, customs and rules of human society.  Man without a part in history is nothing.

For this reason Fascism is opposed to all the abstractions of an individualistic character based upon materialism typical of the Eighteenth Century; and it is opposed to all the Jacobin innovations and utopias.  It does not believe in the possibility of “happiness” on earth as conceived by the literature of the economists of the Seventeenth Century; it therefore spurns all the teleological conceptions of final causes through which, at a given period of history, a final systematisation of the human race would take place.  Such theories only mean placing oneself outside real history and life, which is a continual ebb and flow and process of realisations.

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