Great Britain and the American Civil War eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 825 pages of information about Great Britain and the American Civil War.

[Footnote 200:  Schleiden, a native of Schleswig, was educated at the University of Berlin, and entered the Danish customs service.  In the German revolution of 1848 he was a delegate from Schleswig-Holstein to the Frankfort Parliament.  After the failure of that revolution he withdrew to Bremen and in 1853 was sent by that Republic to the United States as Minister.  By 1860 he had become one of the best known and socially popular of the Washington diplomatic corps, holding intimate relations with leading Americans both North and South.  His reports on events preceding and during the Civil War were examined in the archives of Bremen in 1910 by Dr. Ralph H. Lutz when preparing his doctor’s thesis, “Die Beziehungen zwischen Deutschland und den Vereinigten Staaten waehrend des Sezessionskrieges” (Heidelberg, 1911).  My facts with regard to Schleiden are drawn in part from this thesis, in part from an article by him, “Rudolph Schleiden and the Visit to Richmond, April 25, 1861,” printed in the Annual Report of the American Historical Association for 1915, pp. 207-216.  Copies of some of Schleiden’s despatches are on deposit in the Library of Congress among the papers of Carl Schurz.  Through the courtesy of Mr. Frederic Bancroft, who organized the Schurz papers, I have been permitted to take copies of a few Schleiden dispatches relating to the visit to Richmond, an incident apparently unknown to history until Dr. Lutz called attention to it.]

[Footnote 201:  This is Bancroft’s expression. Seward, II, p. 118.]

[Footnote 202:  Lincoln, Works, II, 29.]

[Footnote 203:  Ibid., p. 30.]

[Footnote 204:  For references to this whole matter of Schleiden’s visit to Richmond see ante, p. 116, note 1.]

[Footnote 205:  U.S.  Messages and Documents, 1861-2, p. 82.  This, and other despatches have been examined at length in the previous chapter in relation to the American protest on the Queen’s Proclamation of Neutrality.  In the present chapter they are merely noted again in their bearing on Seward’s “foreign war policy.”]

[Footnote 206:  Quoted by Lutz, Am.  Hist.  Assn.  Rep. 1915, p. 210.]

[Footnote 207:  U.S.  Messages and Documents, 1861-2, p. 80.  This despatch was read by Seward on April 8 to W. H. Russell, correspondent of the Times, who commented that it contained some elements of danger to good relations, but it is difficult to see to what he could have had objection.—­Russell, My Diary, I, p. 103. ]

[Footnote 208:  Russell Papers.]

[Footnote 209:  Bancroft, Seward, II, p. 169.]

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