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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 680 pages of information about Great Britain and the American Civil War.

FOOTNOTES: 

[Footnote 1041:  Trollope, North America, I, p. 124.]

[Footnote 1042:  Mason Papers.  Spence to Mason, Jan. 3, 1863.  Liverpool.]

[Footnote 1043:  The Index, Jan. 29, 1863, p. 217.  The active agent in control of the Index was Henry Hotze, who, in addition to managing this journal, used secret service funds of the Confederacy to secure the support of writers in the London press.  He was in close touch with all the Southern agents sent to Europe at various times, but appears never to have been fully trusted by either Mason or Slidell.  In 1912-13 I made notes from various materials originating with Hotze, these being then in the possession of Mr. Charles Francis Adams.  These materials were (1) a letter and cash book marked “C.S.A.  Commercial Agency, London”; (2) a copy despatch book, January 6, 1862, to December 31, 1864; (3) a copy letter-book of drafts of “private” letters, May 28, 1864, to June 16, 1865.  All these materials were secured by Mr. Adams from Professor J.F.  Jameson, who had received them from Henry Vignaud.  Since Mr. Adams’ death in 1915 no trace of these Hotze materials has been found.  My references, then, to “Hotze Papers,” must rest on my notes, and transcripts of many letters, taken in 1912-13.  Describing his activities to Benjamin, Hotze stated that in addition to maintaining the Index, he furnished news items and editorials to various London papers, had seven paid writers on these papers, and was a pretty constant distributor of “boxes of cigars imported from Havana ...  American whiskey and other articles.”  He added:  “It is, of course, out of the question to give vouchers.” (Hotze Papers MS. Letter Book.  Hotze to Benjamin, No. 19, March 14, 1863.) In Hotze’s cash book one of his regular payees was Percy Gregg who afterwards wrote a history of the Confederacy.  Hotze complained that he could get no “paid writer” on the Times.]

[Footnote 1044:  See ante, Ch.  XI.]

[Footnote 1045:  Lyons Papers, Feb. 14, 1863.]

[Footnote 1046:  Mason Papers, March 18, 1863.]

[Footnote 1047:  Pickett Papers.  Slidell to Benjamin, No. 34, May 3, 1863.  This despatch is omitted by Richardson.]

[Footnote 1048:  Schwab, The Confederate States of America gives the best analysis and history of Southern financing.]

[Footnote 1049:  It is possible that a few were disposed of to contractors in payment for materials.]

[Footnote 1050:  Mason Papers.  Mason to Slidell, Sept. 27, 1862.]

[Footnote 1051:  Ibid., Slidell to Mason, Oct. 2, 1862.]

[Footnote 1052:  Slidell’s daughter was engaged to be married to Erlanger’s son.]

[Footnote 1053:  Slidell himself wrote:  “I should not have gone so far in recommending these propositions ... had I not the best reason to believe that even in anticipation of its acceptance the very strongest influence will be enlisted in our favour.” (Richardson, II, p. 340.  To Benjamin, Oct. 28, 1862.)]

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