Lord John Russell . . . . . . . . . Frontispiece From Trevelyan’s “Garibaldi and the Making of Italy”
Lord Lyons (1860) . . . . . . . . . facing p. 42 From Lord Newton’s “Life of Lord Lyons” (Edward Arnold & Co.)
Sir William Gregory, K.C.M.G. . . . . . " 90 From Lady Gregory’s “Sir William Gregory, K.C.M.G.: An Autobiography" (John Murray)
WILLIAM HENRY SEWARD . . . . . . . . " 114 From Lord Newton’s “Life of Lord Lyons" (Edward Arnold & Co.)
C.F. ADAMS . . . . . . . . . . . " 138 From a photograph in the United States Embassy, London
JAMES M. MASON . . . . . . . . . . " 206 From a photograph by L.C. Handy, Washington
“KING COTTON BOUND” . . . . . . . . " 262 Reproduced by permission of the Proprietors of “Punch"
In 1862, less than a year after he had assumed his post in London, the American Minister, Charles Francis Adams, at a time of depression and bitterness wrote to Secretary of State Seward: “That Great Britain did, in the most terrible moment of our domestic trial in struggling with a monstrous social evil she had earnestly professed to abhor, coldly and at once assume our inability to master it, and then become the only foreign nation steadily contributing in every indirect way possible to verify its judgment, will probably be the verdict made against her by posterity, on calm comparison of the evidence.” Very different were the views of Englishmen. The historian, George Grote, could write: “The perfect neutrality [of Great Britain] in this destructive war appears to me almost a phenomenon in political history. No such forbearance has been shown during the political history of the last two centuries. It is the single case in which the English Government and public—generally so meddlesome—have displayed most prudent and commendable forbearance in spite of great temptations to the contrary.” And Sir William Harcourt, in September, 1863, declared: “Among all Lord Russell’s many titles to fame and to public gratitude, the manner in which he has steered the vessel of State through the Scylla and Charybdis of the American War will, I think, always stand conspicuous.”