The American loss was one hundred and forty-five killed and missing, and three hundred and four wounded. Total, four hundred and forty-nine.
Such is the record of a battle which, in less than two hours, destroyed a town, laid fifteen hundred men upon the field, equalized the relations of veterans and militia, aroused three millions of people to a definite struggle for National Independence, and fairly opened the war for its accomplishment.
NOTE 1. The hasty organization of the command is marked by one feature not often regarded, and that is the readiness with which men of various regiments enlisted in the enterprise. Washington, in his official report of the casualties, thus specifies the loss:—
Colonel of Regiment. Killed. Wounded. Missing.
Frye, 10 38 4 Little, 7 23 — Brewer, 12 22 — Gridley, — 4 — Stark, 15 45 — Woodbridge, — 5 — Scammon, — 2 — Bridge, 17 25 — Whitcomb, 5 8 2 Ward, 1 6 — Gerrishe, 3 5 — Reed, 3 29 1 Prescott, 43 46 — Doolittle, 6 9 — Gardner, — 7 — Patterson, — 1 1 Nixon, 3 — —
NOTE 2. The record, brief as it is, shows that hot controversies as to the question of precedence in command are beneath the merits of the struggle, because all worked just where the swift transitions of the crisis best commanded presence and influence.
NOTE 3. As both the Morton and Moulton families had property near the British landing-place, it is immaterial whether hill or point bear the name of one or the other. Hence the author of this sketch, in a memorial examination of this battle, elsewhere, deemed it but just to recognize both, without attempt to harmonize differences upon an immaterial matter.
NOTE 4. The occupation of Lechmere Point, Cobble Hill, Ploughed Hill, and Prospect Hill, as shown upon the map of Boston and vicinity, rendered the British occupation of Bunker Hill a barren victory, silenced the activity of a thousand men, vindicated the wisdom of the American occupation, however transient, rescued Boston, and projected the spirit of the battle of Bunker Hill into all the issues which culminated at Yorktown, October 19, 1781.
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THE YOUNG MEN’S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATIONS OF MASSACHUSETTS.