305. Scrofani, Reise en Griechenland, 1794-5. Leip. 1801. 8vo.—The German translation of this work, originally published in Italian, is superior to the original, and to the French translation, by the addition of valuable notes by the translator, and the omission of irrelevant matter. Scrofani pays particular attention to commercial details respecting the Ionian Isles, Dalmatia, the Morea, &c.
The Germans were celebrated for their skill in metallurgy, and their knowledge of mineralogy, at a period when the rest of Europe paid little attention to these subjects; and German travels in countries celebrated for their mines are, therefore, valuable. Of the German travels in Hungary and Transylvania, the greater part are mineralogical. We shall select a few.
306. Born, Briefe uber Mineralogische gegenstande auf einer Reise durch den Temeswarer Bannat, &c. Leip. 1774. 8vo.—This mineralogical tour in Hungary and Transylvania by Born, and published by Ferber, possesess a sufficient guarantee of its accuracy and value from the names of the author and editor. It is, however, not confined to mineralogy, but contains curious notices on some tribes inhabiting Transylvania and the adjacent districts, very little known: it is translated into French.
307. Ferber, Physikalisch-metallurgische Abhandlunger uber die Gebirge and Bergewecke in Ungarn. Berlin, 1780. 8vo.
308. Balthazar Hacquet, Reise von dem Berge Terglou in Krain, au den Berg Glokner in Tyrol, 1779—1781. Vienne, 1784. 8vo.
309. Neueste Reisen, 1788—1795, durch die Daceschen und Sarmateschen Carpathen. Von B. Hacquet. Nuremb. 1796. 4 vols. 8vo.
310. Briefe uber Triestes, Krain, Kaernthen, Steyermark, und Saltzburgh. Franck. 1793. 8vo.
311. Briefe uber das Bannet. Von Steube, 1793. 8vo.
312. F. Grisselini, Lettere di Venetea, Trieste, Carinthia, Carnioli e Temeswar. Milan, 1780. 4to.—Natural history and manners are here described.
This large district of Europe offers, not only from its extent, but also from numerous causes of diversity among its parts,—some established by nature, and others introduced by man—various numerous and important objects to the research and observation of the traveller. Its mines,— the productions of its soil and its manufactures,—the shades of its expressive, copious, and most philosophical language,—from the classical idiom of Saxony, to the comparatively rude and uncultivated dialect of Austria,—the effects on manners, habits, feeling, and intellectual and moral acquirements, produced by the different species of the Christian religion professed,—and the different forms of government prevailing in its different parts;—all these circumstances, and others of a more evanescent and subtle, though still an influential nature, render Germany a vast field for enquiry and observation.