The difference between proceeding to Upper Canada by way of Quebec and New York, consists chiefly in the circumstance that the port of New York is open all the year round, while the navigation of the St. Lawrence up to Quebec and Montreal is tedious, and the river is only open between seven and eight months of the year. The latter is, however, the cheapest route. But to those who can afford it, New York is the most comfortable as well as the most expeditious way of proceeding to Upper Canada.
The route, as given in a printed paper, distributed by the British consul at New York, is as follows:—
“Route from New York and Albany by the Erie Canal to all parts of Upper Canada, west of Kingston, by the way of Oswego and Buffalo:—
New York to Albany, 160 miles by steam-boat.
Albany to Utica, 110 do. by canal or stage.
Utica to Syracuse, 55 do. by canal or stage.
Syracuse to Oswego, 40 do. by canal or stage.
Syracuse to Rochester, 99 do. by canal or stage.
Rochester to Buffalo, 93 do. by canal or stage.
Total expense from Albany to Buffalo, by canal, exclusive of victuals for an adult steerage passenger—time going about 7 or 8 days—3 dollars 63 cents; ditto by packet-boats, and found, 12-1/4 dollars, 6 days going.
“Ditto do. by stage, in 3-1/2 and 4 days—13 to 15 dollars.
“Ditto do. from Albany to Oswego by canal, 5 days going, 2-1/2 dollars.
“Ditto do. by stage, 2 days—6-1/2 to 7 dollars.
“No extra charge for a moderate quantity of baggage.
“Route from New York to Montreal, Quebec, and all parts of Lower Canada:—
“New York to Albany, 160 miles by steam-boat, 1 to 3 dollars, exclusive of food.
“Albany to Whitehall, by canal, 73 miles, 1 dollar; stage 3 dollars.
“Whitehall to St. John’s, by steam-boat, board included, cabin 5 dollars; deck passage 2 dollars without board.
“St. John’s to Laprairie, 16 miles per stage, 5 shillings to 7 shillings 6 pence.
“Laprairie to Montreal, per ferry steam-boat, 8 miles. 6 pence.
“Montreal to Quebec, by steam-boat, 180 miles, cabin, found, 1 pound, 5 shillings; deck passage, not found, 7 shillings 6 pence.
“Those proceeding to the eastern townships of Lower Canada, in the vicinity of Sherbrooke, Stanstead, &c., &c., will proceed to St. John’s, from whence good roads lead to all the settled townships eastward. If they are going to the Ottawa River, they will proceed from Montreal and Lachine, from whence stages, steamboats, and batteaux go daily to Grenville, Hull, and Bytown, as also to Chateauguay, Glengary, Cornwall, Prescott, and all parts below Kingston.
“Emigrants can avail themselves of the advice and assistance of the following gentlemen:—at Montreal, Carlisle Buchanan, Esq.; Prescott, John Patton, Esq.”
Number of Emigrants who arrived at New York from the United Kingdom for six years, from 1829 to 1834:—