The Backwoods of Canada eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 261 pages of information about The Backwoods of Canada.

Hamburg & Gibraltar.
1832:  15

Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, West Indies, &c. 1829:  123 1830:  451 1831:  424 1832:  546 1833:  345 1834:  339

Totals 1829:  15,945 1830:  28,000 1831:  50,254 1832:  51,746 1833:  21,752 1834:  30,935

The total number of emigrants arrived at Quebec, from 1829 to 1834, is 198,632.  It will be remarked, that the number rose high in 1831 and 1832, and fell very low in 1833.

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Distribution of the 30,935 Emigrants who arrived at Quebec during 1834:-

LOWER CANADA. 
City and District of Quebec:  1,500
District of Three Rivers:  350
District of St. Francis and Eastern Townships:  640
City and District of Montreal:  1,200
Ottawa District:  400
Total to Lower Canada:  4,090

UPPER CANADA.

Ottawa, Bathurst, Midland and Eastern Districts, as far as Kingston, included:  1,000 District of Newcastle, and Townships in the vicinity of the Bay of Quinte:  2,650 Toronto and the Home District, including Settlements around Lake Simco:  8,000 Hamilton, Guelph, and Huron Tracts, and situations adjacent:  2,660 Niagara Frontier and District, including the line of the Welland Canal, and round the head of Lake Ontario, to Hamilton:  3,300 Settlements bordering on Lake Erie, including the London District, Adelaide Settlement, and on to Lake St. Clair:  4,600 Total to Upper Canada:  22,210

Died of cholera in Upper and Lower Canada:  800
Returned to United Kingdom:  350
Went to the United States:  3,485
[Total:] 4,635
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Of the number of 30,935 Emigrants who arrived at Quebec in 1834, there were of:—­

Voluntary emigrants:  29,041
Assisted by parochial aid:  1,892
Number of males:  13,565
Number of females:  9,683
Number of children under fourteen years of age:  7,681

Emigrants who prefer going into Canada by way of New York will receive advice and direction by applying to the British Consul at New York (James Buchanan, Esq.) Formerly this gentleman could procure for emigrants who were positively determined to settle in the Canadas, permission to land their baggage and effects free of custom-house duty; but in a letter dated 16th March, 1835, he says:—­

“In consequence of a change in the truly liberal course heretofore adopted at this port, in permitting, without unpacking or payment of duty, of the personal baggage, household, and farming utensils of emigrants landing here to pass in transit through this state to his Majesty’s provinces, upon evidence being furnished of the fact, and that such packages alone contained articles of the foregoing description, I deem it my duty to make known that all articles arriving at this port accompanying emigrants in transit to Canada, will be subject to the same inspection as if to remain in the United States, and pay the duties to which the same are subjected.  I think it proper to mention that all articles suited to new settlers are to be had in Canada on better terms than they can be brought out—­and such as are adapted to the country.”

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The Backwoods of Canada from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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