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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 261 pages of information about The Backwoods of Canada.

“Farm labourers are much wanted in all the districts of Upper Canada, and, if industrious, they may be sure of obtaining very high wages; mechanics of almost every description, and good servants, male and female, are much in request.

“Emigrants proceeding to Upper Canada, either by the Ottawa or St. Lawrence route, are advised to supply themselves with provisions at Montreal, such as bread, tea, sugar, and butter, which they will purchase cheaper and of better quality, until they reach Kingston, than along the route.  They are also particularly cautioned against the use of ardent spirits or drinking cold river water, or lying on the banks of the river exposed to the night dews; they should proceed at once from the steam-boat at Montreal to the entrance of the Canal or Lachine, from whence the Durham and steam-boats start for Prescott and Bytown daily.  The total expense for the transport of an adult emigrant from Quebec to Toronto and the head of Lake Ontario, by steam and Durham-boats, will not exceed 1 pound, 4 shillings currency, or 1 pound, 1 shilling sterling.  Kingston, Belleville, up the Bay of Quinte, Cobourgh, and Port Hope, in the Newcastle district, Hamilton and Niagara at the head of Lake Ontario, will be convenient stopping-places for families intending to purchase lands in Upper Canada.

“There is considerable competition among the Forwarding Companies at Montreal; emigrants therefore had better exercise a little caution before agreeing for their transport to Prescott or Kingston, and they should avoid those persons that crowd on board the steam-boats on arrival at Montreal, offering their services to get passages, &c.  Caution is also necessary at Prescott or Kingston, in selecting regular conveyances up Lake Ontario.  I would particularly advise emigrants destined for Upper Canada, not to incur the expense of lodging or delay at Montreal, but to proceed on arrival of the steam-boat to the barges for Bytown or Prescott.

“Labourers or mechanics dependent on immediate employment, are requested to proceed immediately on arrival into the country.  The chief agent will consider such persons as may loiter about the ports of landing beyond four days after their arrival, to have no further claims on the protection of his Majesty’s agents for assistance or employment, unless they have been detained by sickness or some other satisfactory cause.”

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Comparative Statement of the number of Emigrants arrived at Quebec from 1829 to 1834 inclusive:—­

[TABLE] [Transcription note:  The data presented below was originally in the conventional tabular row / column format.]

England and Wales 1829:  3,565 1830:  6,799 1831:  10,343 1832:  17,481 1833:  5,198 1834:  6,799

Ireland 1829:  9,614 1830:  18,300 1831:  34,133 1832:  28,204 1833:  12,013 1834:  19,206

Scotland 1829:  2,643 1830:  2,450 1831:  5,354 1832:  5,500 1833:  4,196 1834:  4,591

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