Ceylon; an Account of the Island Physical, Historical, and eBook

James Emerson Tennent
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 892 pages of information about Ceylon; an Account of the Island Physical, Historical, and.


Phoenicopterus ruber, Linn
Sarkidiornis melanonotos, Penn
Nettapus Coromandelianus, Gm
Anas poecilorhyncha, Penn
Dendrocygnus arcuatus, Cuv
Dafila acuta, Linn
Querquedula crecca, Linn.
  circia, Linn.
Fuligula rufina, Pall
Spatula clypeata, Linn
Podiceps Philippensis, Gm
Larus brunnicephalus, Jerd.
  ichthyaetus, Pall
Sylochelidon Caspius, Lath
Hydrochelidon Indicus, Steph
Gelochelidon Anglicus, Mont
Onychoprion anasthaetus, Scop
Sterna Javanica, Horsf.
  melanogaster, Temm.
  minuta, Linn
Seena aurantia, Gray
Thalasseus Bengalensis, Less.
  cristata, Steph
Dromas ardeola, Payk
Atagen ariel, Gould
Thalassidroma melanogaster, Gould
Plotus melanogaster, Gm
Pelicanus Philippensis, Gm
Graculus Sinensis, Shaw.
  pygmaeus, Pallas.


The following is a list of the birds which are, as far as is at present known, peculiar to the island; it will probably at some future day be determined that some included in it have a wider geographical range.

Haematornis spilogaster.  The “Ceylon eagle;” was discovered by Mr. Layard in the Wanny, and by Dr. Kelaart at Trincomalie.

Athene castonotus.  The chestnut-winged hawk owl.  This pretty little owl was added to the list of Ceylon birds by Dr. Templeton.

Batrachostomus monoliger.  The oil bird; was discovered amongst the precipitous rocks of the Adam’s Peak range by Mr. Layrard.  Another specimen was sent about the same time to Sir James Emerson Tennent from Avisavelle.  Mr. Mitford has met with it at Ratnapoora.

Caprimulgus Kelaarti.  Kelaart’s night-jar; swarms on the marshy plains of Neuera-ellia at dusk.

Hirundo hyperythra.  The red-bellied swallow; was discovered in 1849 by Mr. Layard at Ambepusse.  They build a globular nest with a round hole at top.  A pair built in the ring for a hanging lamp in Dr. Gardner’s study at Peradinia, and hatched their young, undisturbed by the daily trimming and lighting of the lamp.

Cisticola omalura.  Layard’s mountain grass warbler; is found in abundance on Horton Plain and Neuera-ellia, among the long Patena grass.

Drymoica valida.  Layard’s wren-warbler; frequents tufts of grass and low bushes, feeding on insects.

Pratincola atrata.  The Neuera-ellia robin; a melodious songster; added to our catalogue by Dr. Kelaart.

Brachypteryx Palliseri.  Ant thrush.  A rare bird, added by Dr. Kelaart from Dimboola and Neuera-ellia.

Pellorneum fuscocapillum.  Mr. Layard found two specimens of this rare thrush creeping about shrubs and bushes, feeding on insects.

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Ceylon; an Account of the Island Physical, Historical, and from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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