Bay is one of the finest places in New Zealand, for
a crew to touch at in such a situation as that
of his companions. The land about Cape Traveller
appeared low and sandy near the shore, but rising
into high snow-capt mountains interiorly.
In one respect, according to this gentleman, Queen
Charlotte’s Sound has greatly the advantage of
Dusky Bay, viz
. its abounding in salutary
vegetables. This it no doubt owes to the
superior mildness of the climate, which is represented
as highly favourable to botanical pursuits.
The tea-tree and spruce, as they were called,
were found here in great plenty, as well as at Dusky
Bay; besides several species of plants in flower,
which had not been seen before. The hills
consisted chiefly of argillaceous stone, running
in oblique strata, commonly dipping a little towards
the south, of a greenish-grey, or bluish, or yellowish-brown
colour, sometimes containing veins of white quartz,
and sometimes a green talcous or nephritic stone,
which, as it was capable of a good polish from
its hardness, the natives used for chissels, &c.
Mr F. specifies several other mineral substances
found in this neighbourhood, particularly argillaceous
strata of a rusty colour, which is inferred to
contain iron, and a black compact and ponderous basalt,
of which the natives form their pattoo-pattoos.
It is unnecessary to make remarks on the subjects
now mentioned, as they must be resumed in our account
of Cook’s third voyage, where we shall have to
consider Mr Anderson’s report respecting
them and other topics, with greater attention,
than was required for the present imperfect though
Route from New Zealand to Otaheite, with an Account
of some low Islands, supposed to be the same that
were seen by M. de Bougainville.
On the 7th of June, at four in the morning, the wind
being more favourable, we unmoored, and at seven weighed
and put to sea, with the Adventure in company.
We had no sooner got out of the sound, than we found
the wind at south, so that we had to ply through the
straits. About noon the tide of ebb setting out
in our favour, made our boards advantageous; so that,
at five o’clock in the evening. Cape Palliser,
on the island of Eahei-nomauwe, bore S.S E. 1/2 S.,
and Cape Koamaroo, or the S.E. point of the sound,
N by W. 3/4 W.; presently after it fell calm, and
the tide of flood now making against us, carried us
at a great rate back to the north. A little before
high-water, the calm was succeeded by a breeze from
the north, which soon increased to a brisk gale.
This, together with the ebb, carried us by eight o’clock
the next morning quite through the strait. Cape
Palliser at this time bore E.N.E., and at noon N.
by W. distant seven leagues.
This day at noon, when we attended the winding-up
of the watches, the fusee of Mr Arnold’s would
not turn round, so that after several unsuccessful
trials we were obliged to let it go down.