[Footnote 73: Quarterly Review, April, 1875, pp. 498, 499.]
LIVINGSTONE AND STANLEY.
Mr. Gordon Bennett sends Stanley in search of Livingstone—Stanley at Zanzibar—Starts for Ujiji—Reaches Unyanyembe—Dangerous illness—War between Arabs and natives—Narrow escape of Stanley—Approach to Ujiji—Meeting with Livingstone—Livingstone’s story—Stanley’s news—Livingstone’s goods and men at Bagamoio—Stanley’s accounts of Livingstone—Refutation of foolish and calumnious charges—They go to the north of the lake—Livingstone resolves not to go home, but to get fresh men and return to the sources—Letter to Agnes—to Sir Thomas Maclear—The travelers go to Unyanyembe—More plundering of stores—Stanley leaves for Zanzibar—Stanley’s bitterness of heart at parting—Livingstone’s intense gratitude to Stanley—He intrusts his Journal to him, and commissions him to send servants and stores from Zanzibar—Stanley’s journey to the coast—Finds Search Expedition at Bagamoio—Proceeds to England—Stanley’s reception—Unpleasant feelings—Eclaircissement—England grateful to Stanley.
The meeting of Stanley and Livingstone at Ujiji was as unlikely an occurrence as could have happened, and, along with many of the earlier events in Livingstone’s life, serves to show how wonderfully an Unseen Hand shaped and guarded his path. Neither Stanley nor the gentleman who sent him had any personal interest in Livingstone. Mr. Bennett admitted frankly that he was moved neither by friendship nor philanthropy, but by regard to his business and interest as a journalist. The object of a journal was to furnish its readers with the news which they desired to know; the readers of the New York Herald desired to know about Livingstone; as a journalist, it was his business to find out and tell them. Mr. Bennett determined that, cost what it might, he would find out, and give the news to his readers. These were the very unromantic notions, with an under-current probably of better quality, that were passing through his mind at Paris, on the 16th October, 1869, when he sent a telegram to Madrid, summoning Henry M. Stanley, one of the “own correspondents” of his paper, to “come to Paris on important business.” On his arrival, Mr. Bennett asked him bluntly, “Where do you think Livingstone is?” The correspondent could not tell—could not even tell whether he was alive. “Well,” said Mr. Bennett, “I think he is alive, and that he may be found, and I am going to send you to find him.” Mr. Stanley was to have whatever money should be found necessary; only he was to find Livingstone. It is very mysterious that he was not to go straight to Africa—he was to visit Constantinople, Palestine, and Egypt first. Then, from India, he was to go to Zanzibar; get into the interior, and find him if alive; obtain all possible news of his discoveries; and if he were dead, get the fact fully verified, find out the place of his burial, and try to obtain possession of his bones, that they might find a resting-place at home.