Kiblaah is the holy place to which men turn their
face when offering
up their prayer to God, as the Jews face Jerusalem. Literally,
‘worshipping place’. [Author.] [Qiblah: the direction of prayer
was changed by the Prophet from Jerusalem to Mecca (Koran, ii.
138-9, with Sale’s note).]
 See p. 72.
 Munkir, or Munkar, and Nakir are the two recording angels.
 See p. 78.
 Al-Mahdi, ‘the directed one’, who
will appear in the last day.
According to the Shi’ahs, he has already appeared in the person of
Muhammad Abu’l-Qasim, the 12th Imam. Later claimants are
Sayyid Ahmad, who fought against the Sikhs in 1826; Muhammad Ahmad ibn
Sayyid Abdulla, who fled after the fatal day of Omdurman, and was
killed in battle in 1899.
 Hayat[u’]l-Qulub compiled by Muhammad
Baqir, whose last
work was published A.D. 1627. It has been partly translated into
English by J.L. Morrick, Boston, 1850.
 Sirat, the bridge over which the soul must cross
on its way to
 Mizan, the Balance, with which the deeds of the
dead man are
weighed.—Koran, xxi. 47.
 May not this be a poetical symbol, similar to the scythe? [Author.]
 Baqarah ’Id, ‘cow festival,’
held on the 10th of the month
Zu’l-Hijjah, the month of pilgrimage, the attempted sacrifice of
Ishmael having, it is said, occurred at Mount Mina, near Mecca.
 Kiramu’l-Katibin, one recording the good,
the other the
evil actions of the dead.
 Harun-al-Rashid, ‘Aaron the Orthodox’,
fifth Abbasid Caliph,
of Baghdad (A.D. 763 or 776-809), best known from The Arabian Nights.
Namaaz (daily prayer).—The Mussulmaun prayers.—Their different names and times.—Extra prayer-service.—The Mosque.—Ablutions requisite previous to devotion.—Prostrations at prayers.—Mosque described.—The Mussulmauns’ Sabbath.—Its partial observance.—The amusements of this life not discontinued on the Sabbath.—Employment of domestics undiminished on this day.—Works of importance then commenced.—Reasons for appropriating Friday to the Sabbath.—The Jews opposed to Mahumud.—The Prophet receives instructions from the angel Gabriel.—Their import and definition. Remarks of a Commentator on the Khoraun.—Prayer of intercession.—Pious observance of Christmas Day by a Native Lady.—Opinions entertained of our Saviour.—Additional motives for prayer.—David’s Mother’s prayer.—Anecdote of Moses and a Woodcutter.—Remarks upon the piety and devotion of the female Mussulmauns.
The Mussulmaun Lawgiver commanded Namaaz (daily prayer) five times a day: