This term does not appear in the ordinary dictionaries
reports. Sir C. Lyall, with much probability, suggests that the
correct form is Chalapdar, ‘a cymbal player’.
 A saint, Sayyid Ahmad Kabir, is buried at Bijaimandil,
T.W. Beale, Oriental Biographical Dictionary, s.v.
 Fire-walking is practised by many Musalman devotees.
In a case
recorded on the NW. frontier, a fakir and other persons walked
through a fire-trench and showed no signs of injury; others came out
with blistered feet and were jeered at as unorthodox Musalmans; a
young Sikh, shouting his Sikh battle-cry, performed the feat, and as
he escaped uninjured, a riot was with difficulty prevented.—T.L.
Pennell, Among the Wild Tribes of the Afghan Frontier, 1909, p. 37,
See M.L. Dames, ‘Ordeals by Fire in the Punjab’ (Journal
Anthropological Society, Bombay, vol. iv). The subject is fully
discussed by Sir J. Frazer, The Golden Bough, part vii, vol. ii,
1913, pp. 5 ff.
 Madari fakirs, who take their names from Badi-ud-din
Shah, a disciple of Shaikh Muhammad Taifuri Bastami, who
died A.D. 1434 at the ago of 124 years, and is buried at Makanpur in
the Cawnpur District, where an annual fair is held at his tomb. On the
anniversary of his death food is offered here, and amulets
(baddhi) are hung round the necks of children. Some light a
charcoal fire, sprinkle ground sandalwood on it, and jumping into it,
tread out the embers with their feet, shouting out dam Madar, ’by
the breath of Madar!’ the phrase being regarded as a charm against
snake-bite and scorpion stings. After the fire-walk the feet of the
performers are washed and are found to be uninjured. Others vow a
black cow, sacrifice it, and distribute the meat to beggars. The rite
is of Hindu origin, and Hindus believe that the saint is an
incarnation of their god Lakshmana.—Jaffur Sharreef, Qanoon-e-Islam,
158 f.: W. Crooke, Tribes and Castes of the NW. P. and Oudh, iii.
 Dafali, from daf, a drum.
 Shaikh Saddu is the special saint of women.
His name was
Muhi-ud-din, and he lived at Amroha or Sambhal, in the United
Provinces of Agra and Oudh. Some unorthodox Musalmans offer food in
the name, and hold a session, in which a female devotee becomes
possessed. A woman who wants a child says to her: ’Lady! I offer my
life to you that I may have a child’, whereupon the devotee gives her
betel which she has chewed, or sweets, and this is supposed to bring
about the desired result (Jaffur Shurreef, Qanoon-e-Islam, 184 f: W.
Crooke, Popular Religion