A common piece of imitative magic: as the
bird flies away it carries
the disease with it. The practice of releasing prisoners when the King
or a member of his family was sick, or as a thanksgiving on recovery,
was common.—Sleeman, Journey, ii. 41.
 This is incorrect. Imprisonment for debt
is allowed by Muhammadan
Law.—Hughes, Dictionary of Islam, 82.
 This gives a too favourable account of the administration
in Oudh. ’A powerful landlord during the Nawabi could evict a
tenant, or enhance his rent, or take away his wife from him, or cut
his head off, with as much, or as little, likelihood of being called
to account by Na zim or Chakladar for one act as for another’
(H.C. Irwin, The Garden of India, 258). Gen. Sleeman points out that
Musalmans wore practically immune from the death penalty,
particularly if they happened to kill a Sunni. A Hindu, consenting
after conviction to become a Musalman, was also immune (Journey
Through Oudh, i. 135). Executions used constantly to occur in Lucknow
under Nasir-ud-din (W. Knighton, Private Life of an Eastern
Remarks on the trades and professions of Hindoostaun.—The
Bazaars.—Naunbye (Bazaar cook).—The Butcher, and other
trades.—Shroffs (Money-changers).—Popular cries in Native
cities.—The articles enumerated and the venders of them
on-cyder.—Fish.—Bird-catcher.—The Butcher-bird, the Coel, and Lollah.—Fireworks.—Parched corn.—Wonder-workers.—Snakes.—Anecdote of the Moonshie and the Snake-catcher.—The Cutler.—Sour curds.—Clotted cream.—Butter.—Singular process of the Natives in making butter.—Ice.—How procured in India.—Ink.—All writing dedicated to God by the Mussulmauns.—The reverence for the name of God.—The Mayndhie and Sulmah.
The various trades of a Native city in Hindoostaun are almost generally carried on in the open air. The streets are narrow, and usually unpaved; the dukhauns (shops) small, with the whole front open towards the street; a tattie of coarse grass forming an awning to shelter the shopkeeper and his goods from the weather. In the long lines of dukhauns the open fronts exhibit to the view the manufacturer, the artisan, the vender, in every variety of useful and ornamental articles for general use and consumption. In one may be seen the naunbye (bazaar cook) basting keebaubs over a charcoal fire on the ground with one hand, and beating off the flies with a bunch of date-leaves in the other; beside him may be seen assistant cooks kneading dough for sheermaul or other bread, or superintending sundry kettles and cauldrons of currie, pillau, matunjun, &c., whilst others are equally active in preparing platters and trays, in order to forward the delicacies at the appointed hour to some great assembly.