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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 486 pages of information about Observations on the Mussulmauns of India.

[9] Duli:  see p. 184.

[10] Salgirah or barasganth, ‘year-knot’.

[11] Gardani.

[12] P. 36.

[13] The Mahomedans are very keen on breeding pigeons in large numbers;
    they make them fly all together, calling out, whistling, and waving
    with a cloth fastened to the end of a stick, running and making
    signals from the terraced roofs, with a view of encouraging the
    pigeons to attack the flock of some one else....  Every owner is
    overjoyed in seeing his own pigeons the most dexterous in misleading
    their opponents.’—­Manucci, Storia do Mogor, i. 107 f.

[14] Mugdar.

[15] Rohu, a kind of carp, Labeo rohita.

[16] The use of the bow and arrow has now disappeared in northern India,
    and survives only among some of the jungle tribes.

[17] A curious relic of the custom of cock-fighting at Lucknow survives in
    the picture by Zoffany of the famous match between the Nawab
    Asaf-ud-daula and Col.  Mordaunt in 1786.  The figures in the picture are
    portraits of the celebrities at the Court of Oudh, whose names are
    given by Smith, Catalogue of British Mezzotint Portrait, i. 273.

[18] Bater, Coturnix communis.

[19] Lucknow is now an important racing centre, and the Civil Service Cup
    for ponies has been won several times by native gentlemen.

[20] The feather or curl is one of the most important marks.  If it faces
    towards the head, this is a horse to buy; if it points towards the
    tail, it is a ‘female snake’ (sampan), a bad blemish, as is a
    small star on the forehead.  A curl at the bottom of the throat is very
    lucky, and cancels other blemishes.  A piebald horse or one with five
    white points, a white face and four white stockings, is highly valued. 
    The European who understands the rules can often buy an ‘unlucky’
    horse at a bargain.

[21] Dub, Cynodon Dactylon.

[22] Chadar.

[23] Cicer arietinum:  the word comes from Port, grao, a grain.

[24] Moth, the aconite-leaved kidney-bean, Phaseolus aconitifolius.

[25] Barsati from barsat, the rainy season; a pustular
    eruption breaking out on the head and fore parts of the body.

[26] The Native gentleman’s charger, with his trained paces, his
    henna-stained crimson mane, tail, and fetlocks, is a picturesque sight
    now less common than it used to be.

[27] Chita, the hunting leopard. Felis jubata.

[28] Mahawat, originally meaning ‘a high officer’.

[29] This specially applies to the Jain ascetics, who keep a brush to
    remove insects from their path, and cover their mouths with linen.

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