Barat, barat: meaning ‘bridegroom’s procession’.
 Among the Khojas of West India a person from the
lodge to which the
parties belong recites the names of the Panjtan-i-pak, the five
holy ones—Muhammad, ’Ali, Fatimah, Hasan, Husain—with the
invocation: ’I begin the wedding of —— with ——, to wed as did
Fatimah, the bright-faced Lady (on whom be peace!) with the Lord and
Leader, the Receiver of the Testament of the Chosen and Pure, the Lord
’Ali, the son of Abu-Talib.’—Bombay Gazetteer, ix, part ii,
 Rikab, ‘a cup’; patthari,
‘made of stone’. China dishes are
also supposed to betray poison: see J. Fryer, A New Account of East
India and Persia (Hakluyt Society’s edition), i. 87.
 Menhdi: the henna plant, Lawsonia alba.
 Atishbazi, fire-play.
 Abrak, talc.
 Chaman, a flower-bed.
 Otto, ’itr of roses.
 ’The dress of the bridegroom consisted
entirely of cloth of gold;
and across his forehead was bound a sort of fillet made of an
embroidery of pearls, from which, long strings of gold hung down all
over his face to his saddle-bow; and to his mouth he kept a red silk
handkerchief closely pressed to prevent devils entering his
mouth.’—Mrs. F. Parks, Wanderings of a Pilgrim, i. 438 f. This
fillet is called sihra, and it is intended to avert the influence
of the Evil Eye and of demons.
 The officiating Mulla or Qazi lifts the bridegroom’s
makes him gargle his throat three times with water, and seating him
facing Mecca, requires him to repeat a prayer to Allah for forgiveness
(istighfarullah); the four Qul, or chapters of the Koran
commencing with the word qul, ‘say’ (cix, cxii, cxiii, cxiv); the
Kalima or Creed: ’There is no deity but Allah: Muhammad is the
Apostle of Allah’; the Articles of Belief (Sifat-i-iman) in
Allah, his Angels, the Scriptures, the Prophets, the Resurrection,
and Day of Judgement. His absolute decree and predestination of Good
and Evil; the Prayer of Obedience, said standing
(du’a’l-qunut). If he be illiterate, the meaning of all these
should be explained to him.—Jafnir Shurreef, Qanoon-e-Islam, 86.