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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 154 pages of information about Essays sthetical.

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The number of “Putnam’s Magazine,” containing this paper, was sent to M. Sainte-Beuve accompanied by a note.  In due time I received an answer to the note, saying that the Magazine had not reached him.  Hereupon I sent the article by itself.  On receiving it he wrote the following acknowledgment.

In my note I referred to a rumor of his illness.  His disease was, by post-mortem examination, discovered to be as the newspapers had reported, the stone.  But a consultation of physicians declared that it was what he states it to be in his letter.  Had they not made so gross a mistake, his life might have been prolonged.

“PARIS, 6 Decembre, 1868, No. 11 Rue Mont Parnasse.

“CHER MONSIEUR:—­

“Oh!  Cette fois je recois bien decidement le tres aimable et si bien etudie portrait du critique.  Comment exprimer comme je le sens ma gratitude pour tant de soin, d’attention penetrante, de desir d’etre agreable tout en restant juste?  Il y avait certes moyen d’insister bien plus sur les variations, les disparates et les defaillances momentanees de la pensee et du jugement a travers cette suite de volumes.  C’est toujours un sujet d’etonnement pour moi, et cette fois autant que jamais, de voir comment un lecteur ami et un juge de gout parvient a tirer une figure une et consistante de ce qui ne me parait a moi meme dans mon souvenir que le cours d’un long fleuve qui va s’epandant un pen au hazard des pentes et desertant continuellement ses rives.  De tels portraits comme celui que vous voulez bien m’offrir me rendent un point d’appui et me feraient veritablement croire a moi-meme.  Et quand je songe a l’immense quantite d’esprits auxquels vous me presentez sous un aspect si favorable et si magistral dans ce nouveau monde de tant de jeunesse et d’avenir, je me prends d’une sorte de fierte et de courageuse confiance comme en presence deja de la posterite.

“Le mal auquel vous voulez bien vous interesser est tout simplement une hypertrophie de la prostate.  Les souffrances ne sont pas vives, mais l’incommodite est grande, ne pouvant supporter a aucun degre le mouvement de la voiture, ce qui restreint ma vie sociale a un bien court rayon.

“Veuillez agreeer, cher Monsieur, l’assurance de ma cordiale gratitude, et de mes sentiments les plus distingues.

SAINTE-BEUVE.”

VI.

THOMAS CARLYLE.

A brain ever aglow with self-kindled fire—­a cerebral battery bristling with magnetic life—­such is Thomas Carlyle.  Exceptional fervor of temperament, rare intellectual vivacity, manful earnestness—­these are the primary qualifications of the man.  He has an uncommon soul-power.  Hence his attractiveness, hence his influence.  Every page, every paragraph, every sentence, throbs with his own being.  Themselves all authors put, of course, more or less, into what they write:  few, very few, can make their sentences quiver with themselves.  This Mr. Carlyle does by the intenseness of a warm individuality, by the nimble vigor of his mental life, and, be it added, by the rapture of his spirituality.  The self, in his case, is a large, deep self, and it sends an audible pulse through his pen into his page.

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