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Sacred Books of the East eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 533 pages of information about Sacred Books of the East.
Brahman says to him:  ‘Who am I?’ He shall answer:  ‘That which is, the true.’  Brahman asks:  ‘What is the true?’ He says to him:  ’What is different from the gods and from the senses that is Sat, but the gods and the senses are Tyam.  Therefore, by that name Sattya, or true, is called all this whatever there is.  All this thou art.’  This is also declared by a verse:  ’This great Rishi, whose belly is the Yagus, the head the Saman, the form the Rik, is to be known as being imperishable, as being Brahman.’

“Brahman says to him:  ‘How dost thou obtain my male names?’ He should answer:  ‘By breath.’  Brahman asks:  ‘How my female names?’ He should answer:  ‘By speech.’  Brahman asks:  ‘How my neuter names?’ He should answer:  ‘By mind.’  ‘How smells?’ ‘By the nose.’  ‘How forms?’ ’By the eye.’  ‘How sounds?’ ‘By the ear.’  ‘How flavors of food?’ ’By the tongue.’  ‘How actions?’ ‘By the hands.’  ‘How pleasures and pain?’ ’By the body.’  ‘How joy, delight, and offspring?’ ‘By the organ.’  ’How journeyings?’ ‘By the feet.’  ’How thoughts, and what is to be known and desired?’ ‘By knowledge alone.’

“Brahman says to him:  ’Water indeed is this my world, the whole Brahman world, and it is thine.’

“Whatever victory, whatever might belongs to Brahman, that victory and that might he obtains who knows this, yea, who knows this."[15]

KNOWLEDGE OF THE LIVING SPIRIT

“Prana, or breath,[16] is Brahman,” thus says Kaushitaki.  “Of this prana, which is Brahman, the mind is the messenger, speech the housekeeper, the eye the guard, the ear the informant.  He who knows mind as the messenger of prana, which is Brahman, becomes possessed of the messenger.  He who knows speech as the housekeeper, becomes possessed of the housekeeper.  He who knows the eye as the guard, becomes possessed of the guard.  He who knows the ear as the informant, becomes possessed of the informant.

“Now to that prana, which is Brahman, all these deities, mind, speech, eye, ear, bring an offering, though he asks not for it, and thus to him who knows this all creatures bring an offering, though he asks not for it.  For him who knows this, there is this Upanishad, or secret vow, ’Beg not!’ As a man who has begged through a village and got nothing sits down and says, ‘I shall never eat anything given by those people,’ and as then those who formerly refused him press him to accept their alms, thus is the rule for him who begs not, but the charitable will press him and say, ‘Let us give to thee.’”

“Prana, or breath, is Brahman,” thus says Paingya.  “And in that prana, which is Brahman, the eye stands firm behind speech, the ear stands firm behind the eye, the mind stands firm behind the ear, and the spirit stands firm behind the mind.[17] To that prana, which is Brahman, all these deities bring an offering, though he asks not for it, and thus to him who knows this, all creatures bring an offering,

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